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Commenced in January 2007 Frequency: Monthly Edition: International Publications Count: 29209

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A Review on Natural Fibre Reinforced Polymer Composites
Renewable natural fibres such as oil palm, flax, and pineapple leaf can be utilized to obtain new high performance polymer materials. The reuse of waste natural fibres as reinforcement for polymer is a sustainable option to the environment. However, due to its high hydroxyl content of cellulose, natural fibres are susceptible to absorb water that affects the composite mechanical properties adversely. Research found that Nano materials such as Nano Silica Carbide (n-SiC) and Nano Clay can be added into the polymer composite to overcome this problem by enhancing its mechanical properties in wet condition. The addition of Nano material improves the tensile and wear properties, flexural stressstrain behaviour, fracture toughness, and fracture strength of polymer natural composites in wet and dry conditions.
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[1] Cantor, Kirk M., and Patrick Watts. 2011. "Introduction to the Plastics Industry." In Applied Plastics Engineering Handbook, ed. Kutz Myer, xv-xvi. Oxford: William Andrew Publishing.
[2] Zini, E.; Scandola, M. 2011. "Green Composites: An Overview." Polymer Composites 32 (12): 1905-1915. doi: 10.1002/pc.21224.
[3] Taj, Saira ,Munawar Ali Munawar, and Shafiullah Khan. 2007. "Natural Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Composites." Proc. Pakistan Acad. Sci. 44(2): 129-144.
[4] Faruk, Omar, Andrzej K. Bledzki, Hans-Peter Fink, and Mohini Sain. "Biocomposites Reinforced with Natural Fibers: 2000-2010." Progress in Polymer Science (0). doi: 10.1016/j.progpolymsci.2012.04.003.
[5] Alamri, H, and I.M. Low. 2012. "Effect of Water Absorption on the Mechanical Properties of n-SiC filled Recycled Cellulose Fiber Reinforced Epoxy Eco-nanocomposites" PolymerTesting. 06(001): 810- 818.
[6] Ray, D and J. Rout.2005. Thermoset Biocomposites, eds. A. K. Mohanty, M. Misra and L.T. Drzal, Chapter 9. New York: Taylor & Francis Group. 6 (accessed August 20, 2012).
[7] Alamri, H, and I.M. Low. 2012b. "Mechanical Properties and Water Absorption Behaviour of Recycled Cellulose Reinforced Epoxy Composites." Polymer Testing 31 (5): 620-628. doi: 10.1016/j.polymertesting.2012.04.002.
[8] Mohan, T.P., and K.Kanny. 2010. "Water Barrier Properties of Nanoclay filled Sisal Reinforced Epoxy Composites." Composites: Part A. 12(010): 385-393.
[9] Alamri, H, I.M. Low. And Z. Alothman 2012. "Mechanical, Thermal and Microstructural Characteristics of Cellulose Fiber Reinforced Epoxy/OrganoclayNanocomposites" Composites:Part B. 04(037): 2762- 2771.
[10] Alamri, H., and I. M. Low. 2012a. "Characterization of Epoxy Hybrid Composites Filled with Cellulose Fibers and Nano-Sic." Journal of Applied Polymer Science 126 (S1): E221-E231. doi: 10.1002/app.36815.
[11] Reis, J. M. L. 2006."Fracture and Flexural Characterization of Natural Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Concrete" Construction and Building Materials 20 (9): 673-678. doi: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2005.02.008.
[12] Dhakal, H.N., Z.Y. Zhang and M.O.W. Richardson. "Effect of Water Absorption on the Mechanical Properties of Hemp Fibre Reinforced Unsaturated Polyester Composites." Composites Science and Technology. 67(2007): 1674-1683.
[13] Kim, H.J. and D.W. Seo. 2006. " Effect of Water Absorption Fatigue on Mechanical Properties of Sisal Textile-Reinforced Composite. " International Journal of Fatigue. 28 (2006): 1307-1314. doi:10.1016/j.ijfatigue.2006.02.018.
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