Open Science Research Excellence

Open Science Index

Commenced in January 2007 Frequency: Monthly Edition: International Publications Count: 29527

Select areas to restrict search in scientific publication database:
An Online Evaluation of Operating Reserve for System Security
Utilities use operating reserve for frequency regulation.To ensure that the operating frequency and system security are well maintained, the operating grid codes always specify that the reserve quantity and response rate should meet some prescribed levels. This paper proposes a methodology to evaluate system's contingency reserve for an isolated power network. With the presented algorithm to estimate system's frequency response characteristic, an online allocation of contingency reserve would be feasible to meet the grid codes for contingency operation. Test results from the simulated conditions, and from the actual operating data verify the merits of the proposed methodology to system's frequency control, and security.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

[1] C.C. Wu and N. Chen, "Frequency-based method for fast-response reserve dispatch in isolated power systems," IEE Proc., -Gener. Transm. Distrib.,, vol: 151(1), pp. 73-77, 2004.
[2] G.A. Chown and B. Wigdorowitz "A methodology for the redesign of Frequency Control for AC Networks," IEEE Trans. Power Syst., vol: 19(3), pp. 1546-1554, Aug. 2004.
[3] G.A. Chown and M.G. Coetzee "Implementation of regulation as an ancillary service in Eskom and use of the Eskom internal web for this service," IEEE Trans. Power Syst., vol: 15(3), pp. 1132-1136, Aug. 2000.
[4] F.D. Galiana, F. Bouffard, J.M. Arroyo, and J.F. Restrepo "Scheduling and pricing of coupled energy and primary, secondary, and tertiary reserves," IEEE Proc., vol: 93(11), pp. 1970-1983, Nov. 2005.
[5] C.C. Wu and N. Chen "Online methodology to determine reasonable spinning reserve requirement for isolated power systems," IEE Proc., -Gener. Transm. Distrib.,, vol: 150, pp. 455-461, 2003.
[6] S.-J. Huang, and C.-C. Huang, "An automatic load shedding scheme including pumped-storage units," IEEE Trans. Energy Conv.,, vol: 15(4), pp. 427-432, Dec. 2000.
[7] A.J. Wood, and B.F. Wollenberg Power generation, operation and control, John Wiley Interscience,, 2nd, Ed. New York, 1996.
[8] P. Kundur Power system stability and control, McGraw-Hill, Inc., 1994.
[9] N. Jaleeli, L.S. VanSlyck, D.N. Ewart, L.H. Fink and A.G. Hoffman, "Understanding Automatic Generation Control," IEEE Trans. Power Syst., vol: 7, pp. 1106-1122, Aug. 1992.
[10] T. Kennedy, S.M. Hoyt and C.F. Abell "Variable, Non-linear Tie-Line Frequency Bias For Interconnected System Control," IEEE Trans. Power Syst., Vol: 3, pp. 1244-1253, Aug. 1988.
[11] NERC operating manual, North American Electric Reliability Council, Feb., 2006.
[12] S.P. Hoffman "Frequency response characteristic study for ComED and the eastern interconnection," Proc. American Power Conf., vol: 59, pp. 1019-1022, 1997.
[13] Power system operation standards and manual, Taipower Power Company, Taipei, 2000.
[14] L.-R. Chang-Chien, C.M. Ong, and R.A. Kramer "Field tests and refinements of an ACE model," IEEE Trans. Power Syst., Vol: 18(2), pp. 898-903, May. 2003.
[15] R.J. Koessler, J.W. Feltes and J.R. Willis "A methodology for management of spinning reserve requirements," IEEE PES Winter Meeting.,, vol: 1, pp. 584-589, 1999.
[16] I.A. Erinmez, D.O. Bickers, G.F. Wood and W.W. Hung "NGC experience with frequency control in England and Wales-provision of frequency response by generators," IEEE PES Winter Meeting.,, vol: 1, pp. 590-596, 1999.
[17] S.-J. Huang, and C.-C. Huang, "Adaptive approach to load shedding including pumped-storage units during underfrequency conditions," IEE Proc., -Gener. Transm. Distrib.,, vol: 148(2), pp. 165-171, March. 2001.
Vol:13 No:04 2019Vol:13 No:03 2019Vol:13 No:02 2019Vol:13 No:01 2019
Vol:12 No:12 2018Vol:12 No:11 2018Vol:12 No:10 2018Vol:12 No:09 2018Vol:12 No:08 2018Vol:12 No:07 2018Vol:12 No:06 2018Vol:12 No:05 2018Vol:12 No:04 2018Vol:12 No:03 2018Vol:12 No:02 2018Vol:12 No:01 2018
Vol:11 No:12 2017Vol:11 No:11 2017Vol:11 No:10 2017Vol:11 No:09 2017Vol:11 No:08 2017Vol:11 No:07 2017Vol:11 No:06 2017Vol:11 No:05 2017Vol:11 No:04 2017Vol:11 No:03 2017Vol:11 No:02 2017Vol:11 No:01 2017
Vol:10 No:12 2016Vol:10 No:11 2016Vol:10 No:10 2016Vol:10 No:09 2016Vol:10 No:08 2016Vol:10 No:07 2016Vol:10 No:06 2016Vol:10 No:05 2016Vol:10 No:04 2016Vol:10 No:03 2016Vol:10 No:02 2016Vol:10 No:01 2016
Vol:9 No:12 2015Vol:9 No:11 2015Vol:9 No:10 2015Vol:9 No:09 2015Vol:9 No:08 2015Vol:9 No:07 2015Vol:9 No:06 2015Vol:9 No:05 2015Vol:9 No:04 2015Vol:9 No:03 2015Vol:9 No:02 2015Vol:9 No:01 2015
Vol:8 No:12 2014Vol:8 No:11 2014Vol:8 No:10 2014Vol:8 No:09 2014Vol:8 No:08 2014Vol:8 No:07 2014Vol:8 No:06 2014Vol:8 No:05 2014Vol:8 No:04 2014Vol:8 No:03 2014Vol:8 No:02 2014Vol:8 No:01 2014
Vol:7 No:12 2013Vol:7 No:11 2013Vol:7 No:10 2013Vol:7 No:09 2013Vol:7 No:08 2013Vol:7 No:07 2013Vol:7 No:06 2013Vol:7 No:05 2013Vol:7 No:04 2013Vol:7 No:03 2013Vol:7 No:02 2013Vol:7 No:01 2013
Vol:6 No:12 2012Vol:6 No:11 2012Vol:6 No:10 2012Vol:6 No:09 2012Vol:6 No:08 2012Vol:6 No:07 2012Vol:6 No:06 2012Vol:6 No:05 2012Vol:6 No:04 2012Vol:6 No:03 2012Vol:6 No:02 2012Vol:6 No:01 2012
Vol:5 No:12 2011Vol:5 No:11 2011Vol:5 No:10 2011Vol:5 No:09 2011Vol:5 No:08 2011Vol:5 No:07 2011Vol:5 No:06 2011Vol:5 No:05 2011Vol:5 No:04 2011Vol:5 No:03 2011Vol:5 No:02 2011Vol:5 No:01 2011
Vol:4 No:12 2010Vol:4 No:11 2010Vol:4 No:10 2010Vol:4 No:09 2010Vol:4 No:08 2010Vol:4 No:07 2010Vol:4 No:06 2010Vol:4 No:05 2010Vol:4 No:04 2010Vol:4 No:03 2010Vol:4 No:02 2010Vol:4 No:01 2010
Vol:3 No:12 2009Vol:3 No:11 2009Vol:3 No:10 2009Vol:3 No:09 2009Vol:3 No:08 2009Vol:3 No:07 2009Vol:3 No:06 2009Vol:3 No:05 2009Vol:3 No:04 2009Vol:3 No:03 2009Vol:3 No:02 2009Vol:3 No:01 2009
Vol:2 No:12 2008Vol:2 No:11 2008Vol:2 No:10 2008Vol:2 No:09 2008Vol:2 No:08 2008Vol:2 No:07 2008Vol:2 No:06 2008Vol:2 No:05 2008Vol:2 No:04 2008Vol:2 No:03 2008Vol:2 No:02 2008Vol:2 No:01 2008
Vol:1 No:12 2007Vol:1 No:11 2007Vol:1 No:10 2007Vol:1 No:09 2007Vol:1 No:08 2007Vol:1 No:07 2007Vol:1 No:06 2007Vol:1 No:05 2007Vol:1 No:04 2007Vol:1 No:03 2007Vol:1 No:02 2007Vol:1 No:01 2007