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Design Optimization Methodology of CMOS Active Mixers for Multi-Standard Receivers
A design flow of multi-standard down-conversion CMOS mixers for three modern standards: Global System Mobile, Digital Enhanced Cordless Telephone and Universal Mobile Telecommunication Systems is presented. Three active mixer-s structures are studied. The first is based on the Gilbert cell which gives a tolerable noise figure and linearity with a low conversion gain. The second and third structures use the current bleeding and charge injection techniques in order to increase the conversion gain. An improvement of about 2 dB of the conversion gain is achieved without a considerable degradation of the other characteristics. The models used for noise figure, conversion gain and IIP3 used are studied. This study describes the nature of trade-offs inherent in such structures and gives insights that help in identifying which structure is better for given conditions.
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[1] A. Verma, K. O. Kenneth and J. Lin,"A Low-Power Up-Conversion CMOS Mixer for 22-29-GHz Ultra-Wideband Applications", IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, vol. 54, no. 8, pages: 3295- 3300, August 2006
[2] L. Liu and Z. Wang; "Analysis and design of a low-voltage RF CMOS mixer", IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems ÔÇöII: Express Briefs, vol. 53, Issue 3, Page(s):212 - 216, March 2006
[3] V. Vidojkovic, J. Van der Tang, A. Leeuwenburgh and A. v. Roermund "A DECT/Bluetooth multi-standard front-end with adaptive image rejection in 0.18 /spl mu/m CMOS", Circuits and Systems, 2004. ISCAS '04. Proceedings of the 2004 International Symposium I (ISCAS.2004), vol. I, pp. 573-576, 2004.
[4] B. Gilbert "The Micromixer: a highly linear variant of the Gilbert mixer using a bisymmetric class-ab input stage", IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, Vol. 32, No. 9, pp.1412-1423, 1997.
[5] A.Q.Safarian, A.Yazdi and P.Heydari; ÔÇÿDesign and analysis of an ultrawide-band distributed CMOS mixer- Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) Systems, IEEE Transactions on, Volume 13, Issue 5, Page(s):618 - 629, May 2005.
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[12] S.G. Lee and J.-K. Choi "Current-reuse bleeding mixer", Electronics Letters, Vol.36, Issue 8, pp. 696 - 697, 2000.
[13] V. Vidojkovic, J. Van der Tang, A. Leeuwenburgh and A. v. Roermund, "mixer topology selection for a 1.8 - 2.5 GHz multi-standard front-end in 0,18 ╬╝m CMOS", International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS.2003), vol. II, pp. 300-303, 2003.
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