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Effect of Cassava Root Ensiled with Cassava Top or Legumes on Feed Intake and Digestibility of Dairy Cows
Abstract:
The effect of cassava root ensiled with cassava top or legumes on voluntary feed intake and milk production were determined in 12 dairy cows using a 4×3 change-over design. Experimental period were 30 days long and consisted of 14 days of adaptation. Silage was prepared from cassava root mixed with cassava top or legumes at ratio 60:40. Cows were allotted at random to receive ad libitum one of four rations: T1) control, T2) cassava root +cassava top-silages, T3) cassava root +hamata - silages and T4) cassava root +Thapra stylo-silages. The dry matter intake (BW0.75) was higher (P< 0.05) in cow fed with silages diets compared with T1. However, the intake of T2 was higher among treatments. Milk production was lowest in cow fed with T1. Among silages based diets, milk production was not significantly different but 4%FCM was higher in cow fed T2. Milk compositions were not affected by feeding diets. It is concluded that feeding cassava root ensiled with its leaves as a supplement increased dry matter intake and significantly improved 4%FCM. The combination of cassava root and legume silages did not improve the feed intake but did increase the milk production.
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References:

[1] Wanapat, M. "Potential uses of local feed resources for ruminant" Trop. Anim. Health Prod. 41, 2009, pp. 1035-1049.
[2] Smith, O.B. "A review of ruminant responses to cassava-based diets". pp. 39-53. In S.K. Hahn et.al. (ed.) Cassava as livestock feed in Africa. Proc. Workshop on the Potential Utilization of cassava as livestock feed in Africa. 14-18 Nov 1988. Int. Inst. Tropical Agric., Ibadan, Nigeria.
[3] Ravindran,V. "Use of cassava and sweet potatoes in animal feeding" Better Farming Ser. 46, 1995, Food and Agric. Organization of United Nations, Rome.
[4] McDonald, P., A.R. Henderson and S.J.E. Heron "The Biochemistry of Silage" 2nd ed. Chalcombe Publications, Marlow, UK.
[5] Bureenok, S., T. Namihira, M. Tamaki, S. Mizumachi, Y. Kawamoto and T. Nakada. "Fermentative quality of guineagrass silage by using fermented juice of the epiphytic lactic acid bacteria (FJLB) as a silage additive". Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 18, 2005, pp. 807-811.
[6] AOAC "Official methods of analysis" Association of Official Analytical Chemists (15th edition). (K. Helrick, editor). Arlington, 2000, pp. 1230.
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