Effects of Sprint Training on Athletic Performance Related Physiological, Cardiovascular, and Neuromuscular Parameters
Practicing recurring resistance workout such as may cause changes in human muscle. These changes may be because combination if several factors determining physical fitness. Thus, it is important to identify these changes. Several studies were reviewed to investigate these changes. As a result, the changes included positive modifications in amplified citrate synthase (CS) maximal activity, increased capacity for pyruvate oxidation, improvement on molecular signaling on human performance, amplified resting muscle glycogen and whole GLUT4 protein content, better health outcomes such as enhancement in cardiorespiratory fitness. Sprint training also have numerous long long-term changes inhuman body such as better enzyme action, changes in muscle fiber and oxidative ability. This is important because SV is the critical factor influencing maximal cardiac output and therefore oxygen delivery and maximal aerobic power.
 Burgomaster K. A., Heigenhauser G. J., Gibala M. J. Effect of short-term sprint interval training on human skeletal muscle carbohydrate metabolism during exercise and time-trial performance. J Appl Physiol, 2006; 2041-7.
 Bangsbo J., Nørregaard L., Thorsø F. Activity profile of competition soccer. Can J SportSci. 1991; 16: 110–6
 Burgomaster K. A., Hughes S. C., Heigenhauser G. J., Bradwell S. N., Gibala M. J. Six sessions of sprint interval training increases muscle oxidative potential and cycle endurance capacity in humans. J Appl Physiol, 1985; 1985-90
 Parra J., Cadefau J. A., Rodas G., Amigo N., and Cusso R. The distribution of rest periods affects performance and adaptations of energy metabolism induced by high-intensity training in human muscle. Acta Physiol Scand 169: 157–165, 2000.
 Kirsten A. Burgomaster, Krista R. Howarth, Stuart M. Phillips, Mark Rakobowchuk, Maureen J. MacDonald, Sean L. McGee and Martin J. Gibala. Similar metabolic adaptations during exercise after low volume sprint interval and traditional endurance training in humans. J Physiol 586.1 (2008) pp. 151–160.
 Martin J. Gibala, Jonathan P. Little, Martin van Essen, Geoffrey P. Wilkin, Kirsten A. Burgomaster, Adeel Safdar, Sandeep Raha and Mark A. Tarnopolsky. Short-term sprint interval versus traditional endurance training: similar initial adaptations in human skeletal muscle and exercise performance. J Physiol 575.3 (2006) pp 901–911 901.
 Ahtiainen J. P., Pakarinen A., Alen M., Kraemer W. J., Häkkinen K. (2005). Short vs. long rest period between the sets in hypertrophic resistance training: influence on muscle strength, size, and hormonal adaptations in trained men. J Strength Cond Res, 2005; 19(3): 572-82.
 Gibala M., Molecular responses to high-intensity interval exercise. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2009 Jun; 34(3):428-32.
 Wisloff, U. Exercise and Sport Science Reviews, Volume 37 (3), 2009
 Jonathan P. Little, Adeel Safdar, Geoffrey P. Wilkin, Mark A. Tarnopolsky, Martin J. Gibala. A practical model of low-volume high-intensity interval training induces mitochondrial biogenesis in human skeletal muscle: potential mechanisms. J Physiol 588.6 (2010) pp 1011–1022 1011.
 Nybo L., Sundstrup E., Jakobsen M. D., Mohr M., Hornstrup T., Simonsen L., Bülow J., Randers M. B., Nielsen J. J., Aagaard P., Krustrup P. High-intensity training versus traditional exercise interventions for promoting health. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2010 ;42(10):1951-8.
 Ross A., Leveritt M. Long-term metabolic and skeletal muscle adaptations to short-sprint training: implications for sprint training and tapering. Sports Med. 2001; 31(15):1063-82.
 Bonen, A. (2000). Lactate transporters (MCT proteins)skeletal muscles. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., Vol. 32, No. 4, pp. 778–789.
 Housh D. J., Housh T. J., Bauge S. M. (1990). A methodological consideration for the determination of critical power and anaerobic work capacity. Res Q Exerc Sport; 61(4): 406-9 Housh DJ, Housh TJ & Bauge SM (1990). A methodological consideration for the determination of critical power and anaerobic work capacity. Res Q Exerc Sport; 61(4): 406-9
 Gaesser G. A., Brooks G. A. (1984). Metabolic bases of excess post-exercise oxygen consumption: a review. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 16(1): 29-43.