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Evaluation of Multilevel Modulation Formats for 100Gbps Transmission with Direct Detection
This paper evaluate the multilevel modulation for different techniques such as amplitude shift keying (M-ASK), MASK, differential phase shift keying (M-ASK-Bipolar), Quaternary Amplitude Shift Keying (QASK) and Quaternary Polarization-ASK (QPol-ASK) at a total bit rate of 107 Gbps. The aim is to find a costeffective very high speed transport solution. Numerical investigation was performed using Monte Carlo simulations. The obtained results indicate that some modulation formats can be operated at 100Gbps in optical communication systems with low implementation effort and high spectral efficiency.
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[1] N. Avlonitis E. M. Yeatman M. Jones "Multilevel amplitude shift keying in dispersion uncompensated optical systems" , UK Optoelectronics, IEE Proceedings - Publication Date: 12 June 2006 Volume: 153 ,
[2] Michael Eiselt "Cost-effective 100Gbps Optical Modulation Format for Metro Networks", Brian Teipen, Presentations of the 9th ITG Conference “Photonische Netze” Germany Leipzig 2008.
[3] Majed Omar Al-Dwairi, Ziad A. AlQadi "Low-cost Multilevel Formats for 100Gbps Transmission with Direct Detection" , International Review of Physics (IREPHY) vol.3 N.5, october 2009,p
[4] Annika Dochhan, Majed Omar Al-Dwairi, and Werner Rosenkranz "Optimization of Cost Efficient Multilevel-ASK Modulation Formats under the Constraint of Chromatic Dispersion" OFC 2010, paper OMJ7, 23.-25.03.2010, San Diego, California, USA
[5] S. K. Andoh Okai "Investigation of multi-Level Modulation Formats with Polarisation Multiplexing in Optical Communication Systems" Master Thesis, Christian-Alberchts University, Germany 2009.
[6] M. Ohm and J. Speidel, “Quaternary optical ASK-DPSK and receivers with direct detection (ASK-DPSK/DD),” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, pp. 159–161, Jan. 2003.
[7] X. Liu, X. Wei, Y.-H. Kao, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, and L. Mollenauer, “Quaternary differential-phase amplitude-shift-keying for DWDM transmission,” in Proc. ECOC’03, paper Th 2.6.5, 2003.
[8] S. Hayase, N. Kikuchi, K. Sekine, and S. Sasaki, “Proposal of 8-state per symbol (binary ASK and QPSK) 30-Gbit/soptical modulation / demodulation scheme,” in Proc. ECOC’03, paper Th 2.6.4, 2003.
[9] Ohm, M; Speidel, J: "Optimal amplitude and chromatic dispersion tolerances of optical quaternary ASK-DPSK and 8-ary ASK-DQPSK", Asia-Pacific Optical Communication (APOC). Beijing, China, November 2004, paper 5625-38.
[10] T. Tokle et al, “Penalty-free Transmission of Multilevel 240 Gbit/s RZDQPSK- ASK using only 40 Gbit/s Equipment”, in Proc. ECOC 2005, post deadline paper Th4.1.6, Vol. 6, pp. 11-12.
[11] M. Serbay et al, “Experimental Investigation of RZ-8DPSK at 3x10.7Gbps”, in Proc. LEOS 2005, paper We3, pp. 483-484.
[12] S. S. Walkin, "Multilevel Signaling for Increasing the Capacity of High- Speed Optical Communication Systems", Ph.D. thesis, University of Alberta, Canada, 1997.
[13] E. Collett, Polarized light: Fundamentals and Applications, Marcel Dekker, 1993, ISBN 0-8247-8729-3.
[14] D. B. Chenault, "Polarization: Nomenclature and Background", in Conference 6682 as part of SPIE's Optics + photonics, San Diego, California, USA, August 2007.

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