Excellence in Research and Innovation for Humanity

International Science Index


Select areas to restrict search in scientific publication database:
16726
Fatty Acids Derivatives and Steroidal Saponins: Abundance in the Resistant Date Palm to Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. albedinis, Causal Agent of Bayoud Disease
Abstract:
Takerbucht is the only cultivar of date palm known as being resistant to the bayoud disease, caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. albedinis (F.o.a.). In the aim to understand more about the defense mechanisms implied, we realized phytochemical analyses of this cultivar leaflets and roots and this, for the first time, using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS).The examination of our results shows that fifty-four molecules have been detected, fourteen of which are common to leaflets and roots. This study revealed also the organs' richness in derivatives fatty acids: both saturated and unsaturated are represented mainly by methyl esters of Hexadecanoic and 9,12,15-Octadecatrienoic acids. 1-Dodecanethiol, derivative Dodecanoic acid is only present in roots. It’s of great interest to note that the screening revealed the steroidal saponins abundance, among which Yamogenin acetate and Diosgenin, exclusively detected in Takerbucht. They may play an essential role, in the date palm resistance to the bayoud disease.
Digital Article Identifier (DAI):

References:

[1] G. Toutain, V. Dollé, et M. Ferry, ‘‘Situation des systèmes oasiens en régions chaudes,’’ Options Méditerranéennes Ciheam, 1990, pp. 7-18.
[2] R. Gaceb-Terrak, et F. Rahmania, ‘‘Analyse des lipides et autres composés volatils de Deglet Nour, cultivar de palmier dattier Phoenix dactylifera L., par chromatographie en phase gazeuse couplée à la spectrométrie de masse,’’ Acta Botanica Gallica, Vol. 157 (1), 2010, pp. 127-33.
[3] N. Bounaga, et M. Djerbi, ‘‘Pathologies du palmier dattier, les systèmes agricoles oasiens,’’ Option Méditerranéennes Ciheam, Sér. A (11), 1990, pp. 127-132.
[4] H. Sedra, ‘‘Disease and pest outbreaks - Bayoud disease on date palm in Mauritania,’’ Arab and Near East Plant Protection Newsletter, 29, Arab Society for Plant Protection, Aleppo (SY) and FAO Near East Regional Office, Cairo (EG) 1999, 30p.
[5] R. Gaceb-Terrak, D. Touam, et F. Rahmania, ‘‘Action des acides phénols du palmier dattier Phoenix dactylifera L. sur la croissance du Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. albedinis,’’ Revue des Régions Arides, Vol. III (21), 2008, pp. 1219-23.
[6] K. Perveen, N.A. Bokhari, and D.A.W. Soliman, ‘‘Antibacterial activity of Phoenix dactylifera L. leaf and pit extracts against selected Gram negative and Gram positive pathogenic bacteria,’’ Journal of the Medicinal Plants Research, Vol. 6 (2), 2012, pp. 296-300.
[7] R. Gaceb-Terrak, Contribution à la connaissance des interactions palmier dattier Phoenix dactylifera L.-agent causal du bayoud Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. albedinis par analyses phytochimiques des lipides et des phénylpropanoïdes,’’ Thèse Doct. d’État, Univ. Houari Boumediene Alger, 2010, 214p.
[8] A. Vernenghi, ‘‘Réactions de défense du Lycopersicum esculentum Mill. à des infections cryptogamiques : mises en évidence de phytoalexines et de leurs propriétés inhibitrices,’’ Thèse de Doct. 3ème cycle, Paris VI, 1985.
[9] A. Vernenghi, J. Einhorn, G. Kunesch, C. Mallosse, F. Ramiandrasoa, et A. Ravise, ‘‘Propriétés inhibitrices in vitro de dérivés oxygénés d’acides gras polyinsaturés élaborés chez Lycopersicum esculentum Mill. à l’infection par le Phytophtora parasitica Dast.,’’ C. R. acad. Sci., Sér. III, 301 (16), 1985, pp. 743-749.
[10] A. Vernenghi, B. Taquet, J.L. Renard, et A. Ravise, ‘‘Détection chez le palmier à huile de dérivés oxygénés d’acides gras polyéniques toxiques pour le Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. elaeidis ; variation de leur accumulation selon les croisements et les modalités de traitement,’’ Oléagineux, Vol. 42 (1), 1987, pp. 1-10.
[11] P.V. Subba Rao, J.P. Geiger, J. Einhorn, C. Malosse, B. Rio, M. Nicole, S. Savary, et A. Ravise, ‘‘Isolement de linolénate de méthyle, un nouveau composé fongitoxique des feuilles d’arachide (Arachis hypogaea L.) infectées par Puccinia arachidis Speg.,’’ Oléagineux, Vol. 43 (4), 1988, pp. 173-177.
[12] Y.J. Im, M.S. Kim, K.Y. Yang, Y.H. Kim, K. Back and B.H. Cho, ‘‘Antisense expression of a ω-3 fatty acid desaturase gene in tobacco plants enhances susceptibility against pathogens,’’ Canadian J. of Botany, Vol. 82 (3), 2004, pp. 297-303.
[13] A. Yara, T. Yaeno, J.L. Montillet, M. Hasegawa, S. Seo, K. Kusumi, and K. Iba, ‘‘Enhancement of disease resistance to Magnaporthe grisea in rice by accumulation of hydroxylinoleic acid,’’ Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 2008, 370, pp. 344–347.
[14] M. Mezar Malem, ‘‘L’ail (Allium sativum L.): Aspects phytochimiques et contribution à l’étude de quelques propriétés biologiques,’’ Thèse de Doct. Univ. Montpellier 2, 1993, 167p.
[15] O. Leconte, ‘‘Etude des saponines stéroïdiques du fenugrec (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.), activité antifongique et approches allélopathiques in vitro,’’ Thèse de Doct. Univ. Montpellier 2, 1996, 225p.
[16] C.R. Yang, Y. Zhang, M.R. Jacob, S.I. Khan, Y-J. Zhang and X.C Li, ‘‘Antifungal activity of C-27 steroidal saponins, Antimicrob Agents,’’ Chemother, Vol. 50 (5), 2006, pp. 1710-1714.
[17] G.F. Killeen, C.A. Madigan, C.R. Connolly, G.A. Walsh, C. Clark, M.J. Hynes, B.F. Timmins, P. James, D.R. Headon, and R.F. Power, ‘‘Antimicrobial saponins of Yucca schidigera and the implications of their in vitro properties for theirs in vivo impact,’’ J. of Agri. and Food Chemistry, Vol. 46, 1998, pp. 3178-3186.
[18] Y.L. Jin, J.H. Kuk, K.T. Oh, Y.J. Kim, X.L. Piao, and R.D. Park, ‘‘A new steroidal saponin, yuccalan, from the leaves of Yucca smalliana, Archives of Pharmacal Research, Vol. 30 (5), 2007, pp. 543-545.

Vol:11 No:12 2017Vol:11 No:11 2017Vol:11 No:10 2017Vol:11 No:09 2017Vol:11 No:08 2017Vol:11 No:07 2017Vol:11 No:06 2017Vol:11 No:05 2017Vol:11 No:04 2017Vol:11 No:03 2017Vol:11 No:02 2017Vol:11 No:01 2017
Vol:10 No:12 2016Vol:10 No:11 2016Vol:10 No:10 2016Vol:10 No:09 2016Vol:10 No:08 2016Vol:10 No:07 2016Vol:10 No:06 2016Vol:10 No:05 2016Vol:10 No:04 2016Vol:10 No:03 2016Vol:10 No:02 2016Vol:10 No:01 2016
Vol:9 No:12 2015Vol:9 No:11 2015Vol:9 No:10 2015Vol:9 No:09 2015Vol:9 No:08 2015Vol:9 No:07 2015Vol:9 No:06 2015Vol:9 No:05 2015Vol:9 No:04 2015Vol:9 No:03 2015Vol:9 No:02 2015Vol:9 No:01 2015
Vol:8 No:12 2014Vol:8 No:11 2014Vol:8 No:10 2014Vol:8 No:09 2014Vol:8 No:08 2014Vol:8 No:07 2014Vol:8 No:06 2014Vol:8 No:05 2014Vol:8 No:04 2014Vol:8 No:03 2014Vol:8 No:02 2014Vol:8 No:01 2014
Vol:7 No:12 2013Vol:7 No:11 2013Vol:7 No:10 2013Vol:7 No:09 2013Vol:7 No:08 2013Vol:7 No:07 2013Vol:7 No:06 2013Vol:7 No:05 2013Vol:7 No:04 2013Vol:7 No:03 2013Vol:7 No:02 2013Vol:7 No:01 2013
Vol:6 No:12 2012Vol:6 No:11 2012Vol:6 No:10 2012Vol:6 No:09 2012Vol:6 No:08 2012Vol:6 No:07 2012Vol:6 No:06 2012Vol:6 No:05 2012Vol:6 No:04 2012Vol:6 No:03 2012Vol:6 No:02 2012Vol:6 No:01 2012
Vol:5 No:12 2011Vol:5 No:11 2011Vol:5 No:10 2011Vol:5 No:09 2011Vol:5 No:08 2011Vol:5 No:07 2011Vol:5 No:06 2011Vol:5 No:05 2011Vol:5 No:04 2011Vol:5 No:03 2011Vol:5 No:02 2011Vol:5 No:01 2011
Vol:4 No:12 2010Vol:4 No:11 2010Vol:4 No:10 2010Vol:4 No:09 2010Vol:4 No:08 2010Vol:4 No:07 2010Vol:4 No:06 2010Vol:4 No:05 2010Vol:4 No:04 2010Vol:4 No:03 2010Vol:4 No:02 2010Vol:4 No:01 2010
Vol:3 No:12 2009Vol:3 No:11 2009Vol:3 No:10 2009Vol:3 No:09 2009Vol:3 No:08 2009Vol:3 No:07 2009Vol:3 No:06 2009Vol:3 No:05 2009Vol:3 No:04 2009Vol:3 No:03 2009Vol:3 No:02 2009Vol:3 No:01 2009
Vol:2 No:12 2008Vol:2 No:11 2008Vol:2 No:10 2008Vol:2 No:09 2008Vol:2 No:08 2008Vol:2 No:07 2008Vol:2 No:06 2008Vol:2 No:05 2008Vol:2 No:04 2008Vol:2 No:03 2008Vol:2 No:02 2008Vol:2 No:01 2008
Vol:1 No:12 2007Vol:1 No:11 2007Vol:1 No:10 2007Vol:1 No:09 2007Vol:1 No:08 2007Vol:1 No:07 2007Vol:1 No:06 2007Vol:1 No:05 2007Vol:1 No:04 2007Vol:1 No:03 2007Vol:1 No:02 2007Vol:1 No:01 2007