Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) have wide variety
of applications and provide limitless future potentials. Nodes in
WSNs are prone to failure due to energy depletion, hardware failure,
communication link errors, malicious attacks, and so on. Therefore,
fault tolerance is one of the critical issues in WSNs. We study how
fault tolerance is addressed in different applications of WSNs. Fault
tolerant routing is a critical task for sensor networks operating in
dynamic environments. Many routing, power management, and data
dissemination protocols have been specifically designed for WSNs
where energy awareness is an essential design issue. The focus,
however, has been given to the routing protocols which might differ
depending on the application and network architecture.
 Luciana Souza, Harald Vogt, Michael Beigl, “A Survey on fault
tolerance in Wireless Sensor Networks”, Universitat Karlsruhe, 2007.
 Jonathan L. Bredin, Erik D. Demaine, Mohammad Taghi Hajiyaghayi,
Daniel Rus, “Deploying sensor networks with guaranteed capacity and
fault tolerance”, MobiHoc ’05, May 25-27, 2005, Illinois USA.
 Farinaz Koushanfar, Miodrag Potkonjak, Alberto Sangiovanni-
Vincentelli, “Fault tolerance in wireless sensor networks”, Handbook of
Sensor Networks: Compact Wireless and Wired Sensing Systems, CRC
 Hai Liu, Amiya Nayak, Ivan Stojmenovik, “Fault tolerant
algorithms/protocols in wireless sensor networks”, Springer-Verlag
London Limited, 2009.
 Xin-Ming Huang, Jing Deng, Jing Ma, Zeyu Wu, “fault tolerance for
wireless sensor grid networks”, 2005.
 J.V. Capella, R. Ors, J.J. Serrano, “New challenges in wireless sensor
networks: fault tolerance and real time”, IEEE, 2005.
 Irfan Al-Anbagi, Melike Erol-Kantarchi, Hussein T.Mougtah, “Priority
and Delay aware Medium access for Wireless Sensor Network in the
Smart Grid”, IEEE Systems Journal, 2013.
 Jamal N. Al-Karaki, Ahmed E. Kamal, “Routing Techniques in Wireless
Sensor Networks: A Survey”, ICUBE Initiative of lowa State University,
 Erdal Cayirci, Chunming Rong, “Security in Wireless Ad hoc and
Sensor Networks”, John Wiley & Sons Ltd., 2009.
 Michael Grottke, Hairong Sun, Ricardo M. Fricks, Kishor S. Trivedi,
“Ten fallacies of availability and reliability analysis”, Springer-Verlag
Berling Heidelberg, 2008.
 Holger Karl, Andreas Willig, “Protocols and Architectures for Wireless
Sensor Networks”, John Wiley & Sons, 2005.
 I.F. Akyildiz, W. Su, Y. Sankarasubramaniam, E. Cayirci, “Wireless
Sensor Networks: A Survey”, Elseiver Science B.V., 2002.