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Investigation of Fire Damaged Concrete Using Nonlinear Resonance Vibration Method
This paper attempts to evaluate the effect of fire damage on concrete by using nonlinear resonance vibration method, one of the nonlinear nondestructive method. Concrete exhibits not only nonlinear stress-strain relation but also hysteresis and discrete memory effect which are contained in consolidated materials. Hysteretic materials typically show the linear resonance frequency shift. Also, the shift of resonance frequency is changed according to the degree of micro damage. The degree of the shift can be obtained through nonlinear resonance vibration method. Five exposure scenarios were considered in order to make different internal micro damage. Also, the effect of post-fire-curing on fire-damaged concrete was taken into account to conform the change in internal damage. Hysteretic nonlinearity parameter was obtained by amplitudedependent resonance frequency shift after specific curing periods. In addition, splitting tensile strength was measured on each sample to characterize the variation of residual strength. Then, a correlation between the hysteretic nonlinearity parameter and residual strength was proposed from each test result.
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[2] Handoo, S., Agarwal, S. and Agarwal, S. "Physicochemical, mineralogical, and morphological characteristics of concrete exposed to elevated temperatures." Cement and Concrete Research, vol.32, pp. 1009-1018, 2002.
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[9] Van Den Abeele, K. E. A., A. Sutin, J. Carmeliet and P. A. Johnson. "Micro-damage diagnostics using nonlinear elastic wave spectroscopy (NEWS)." Ndt& e international,vol. 34, pp. 239-248, 2001.
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[11] ASTM,Standard Test Method for Splitting Tensile Strength of Cylindrical Concrete Specimens. C 496M-11. West Conshohocken, PA, ASTM International, 2011.
[12] Poon, C.-S., S. Azhar, M. Anson and Y.-L. Wong. "Strength and durability recovery of fire-damaged concrete after post-fire-curing." Cement and Concrete Research,vol. 31, pp. 1307-1318, 2001.
[13] Yang, H., Y. Lin, C. Hsiao and J.-Y. Liu. "Evaluating residual compressive strength of concrete at elevated temperatures using ultrasonic pulse velocity." Fire Safety Journal,vol. 44, pp. 121-130, 2009.
[14] Lin, Y., C. Hsiao, H. Yang and Y.-F. Lin. "The effect of post-fire-curing on strength–velocity relationship for nondestructive assessment of fire-damaged concrete strength." Fire Safety Journal,vol.46, pp. 178-185, 2011.
[15] Park, S. J., Yim, H. J. and Kwak. H. G., “Nonlinear resonance vibration method to estimate the damage level on heat-exposed concrete,” Fire Safety Journal, vol. 69, pp. 36-42, 2014.
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