Open Science Research Excellence

Open Science Index

Commenced in January 2007 Frequency: Monthly Edition: International Publications Count: 29209

Select areas to restrict search in scientific publication database:
Kinetics of Palm Oil Cracking in Batch Reactor
The kinetics of palm oil catalytic cracking over aluminum containing mesoporous silica Al-MCM-41 (5% Al) was investigated in a batch autoclave reactor at the temperatures range of 573 – 673 K. The catalyst was prepared by using sol-gel technique and has been characterized by nitrogen adsorption and x-ray diffraction methods. Surface area of 1276 m2/g with average pore diameter of 2.54 nm and pore volume of 0.811 cm3/g was obtained. The experimental catalytic cracking runs were conducted using 50 g of oil and 1 g of catalyst. The reaction pressure was recorded at different time intervals and the data were analyzed using Levenberg- Marquardt (LM) algorithm using polymath software. The results show that the reaction order was found to be -1.5 and activation energy of 3200 J/gmol.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):


[1] F. A. Twaiq, A. R. Mohamed, S Bhatia, "Liquid hydrocarbon fuels from palm oil by catalytic cracking over aluminosilicate mesoporous catalysts with various Si/Al ratios". Microporous and Mesoporous Materials 64, 2003, 95-107.
[2] J. O. Olusola, M. M. Adediran, A. K. Oluseyi, U. L. Ajao. "Processing of Triglycerides to Diesel Range Hydrocarbon Fuels: Easily Practicable Small Scale Approach". Energy & Environment. 21, 1, 2010, 1325 - 1334.
[3] A. Demirbas, "Progress and recent trends in biodiesel fuels". Energy Conversion and Management. 50, 2009, 14-34.
[4] D. Rutz and R. Janssen. "Biofuel Technology handbook". WIP Renewable Energies, Sylvensteinstr. Munchen, Germany, 2008.
[5] S.P. Singh, D. Singh, "Biodiesel production through the use of different sources and characterization of oils and their esters as the substitute of diesel: A review". Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 14, 2010, 200-216.
[6] F. Twaiq, A. R. Mohamed and S. Bhatia. "Catalytic Cracking of Palm Oil into Liquid Fuels: Kinetic Study". The Seventh Asia-Pacific International Symposium on Combustion and Energy Utilization. December 15-17, 2004, Hong Kong SAR.
[7] N. Prakash and T. Karunanithi." Kinetic Modeling in Biomass Pyrolysis - A Review". Journal of Applied Sciences Research, 4, 12, 2008, 1627- 1636.
[8] Z. Guo, S. Wang. Q. Yin, G. Xu, Z. Luo, K. Cen, T. H. Fransson, "Catalytic cracking characteristics of bio-oil molecular distillation fraction". World Renewable Energy Congress 2011. 8-13 May 2011 Sweden.
[9] P. Stoltze. "Microkinetic simulation of catalytic reactions". Progress in Surface Science . 65, 3-4, 2000, 65-150.
[10] T. W. Lohmann. "Modelling of Reaction Kinetics in Coal Pyrolysis", Proc. 3rd Workshop on Modelling of Chemical Reaction Systems, 1 - 10.
[11] T. Gal, B.G. Lakatos. "Thermal cracking of recycled hydrocarbon gasmixtures for re-pyrolysis: operational analysis of industrial furnaces". Applied Thermal Engineering, 28, 2-3, 2007, 218 - 226.
[12] M. Nasikin, B. H. Susanto, M. A. Hirsaman, A. Wijanarko. "Biogasoline from Palm Oil by Simultaneous Cracking and Hydrogenation Reaction over Nimo/zeolite Catalyst". World Applied Sciences Journal, 5, 2009, 74-79.
[13] A. Sivasamy, K. Y. Cheah, P. Fornasiero, F. Kemausuor, S. Zinoviev, S. Miertus. "Catalytic Applications in the Production of Biodiesel from Vegetable Oils". ChemSusChem, 2, 2009, 278 - 300.
[14] M. Zhang, H.P Chen, Y. Gao, R.X. He, H. P. Yang, X.H. Wang, S.H. Zhang. "Experimental Study on Bio-oil Pyrolysis/Gasification". BioResources, 5, 1, 2010, 135-146.
[15] Y.S. Ooi, R. Zakaria, A.R. Mohamed, S. Bhatia. "Catalytic Cracking of Used Palm Oil and Palm Oil Fatty Acids Mixture for the Production of Liquid Fuel: Kinetic Modeling" Energy and Fuel, 18, 5, 2004, 1555
[16] I. Yared, H. Kurniawan, N. Wibisono, Y. Sudaryanto, H. Hindarso, S. Ismadji. Modeling of liquid hydrocarbon fuel production from palm oil via catalytic cracking using MCM-41 as catalyst. ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences. 3, 2, 2008, 349-355.
[17] W. Charusiri, T. Vitidsant. "Kinetic Study of Used Vegetable Oil to Liquid Fuels over Sulfated Zirconia". Energy & Fuels, 19, 5, 2005, 1783-1789.
[18] W. Charusiri, W. Yongchareon, T. Vitidsant. "Conversion of used vegetable oils to liquid fuels and chemicals over HZSM-5, sulfated zirconia and hybrid catalysts". Korean J. Chem. Eng., 23, 3, 2006, 349- 355.
[19] Y.S Ooi, R. Zakaria, A R. Mohamed, S. Bhatia. "Hydrothermal stability and catalytic activity of mesoporous aluminum-containing SBA-15". Catalysis Communications, 5, 2004, 441-445.
[20] J. O. Olusola, M. M. Adediran, A. K. Oluseyi, U. L. Ajao. "Processing of Triglycerides to Diesel Range Hydrocarbon Fuels: Easily Practicable Small Scale Approach". Energy & Environment. 21, 1, 2010, 1325- 1341.
Vol:13 No:01 2019
Vol:12 No:12 2018Vol:12 No:11 2018Vol:12 No:10 2018Vol:12 No:09 2018Vol:12 No:08 2018Vol:12 No:07 2018Vol:12 No:06 2018Vol:12 No:05 2018Vol:12 No:04 2018Vol:12 No:03 2018Vol:12 No:02 2018Vol:12 No:01 2018
Vol:11 No:12 2017Vol:11 No:11 2017Vol:11 No:10 2017Vol:11 No:09 2017Vol:11 No:08 2017Vol:11 No:07 2017Vol:11 No:06 2017Vol:11 No:05 2017Vol:11 No:04 2017Vol:11 No:03 2017Vol:11 No:02 2017Vol:11 No:01 2017
Vol:10 No:12 2016Vol:10 No:11 2016Vol:10 No:10 2016Vol:10 No:09 2016Vol:10 No:08 2016Vol:10 No:07 2016Vol:10 No:06 2016Vol:10 No:05 2016Vol:10 No:04 2016Vol:10 No:03 2016Vol:10 No:02 2016Vol:10 No:01 2016
Vol:9 No:12 2015Vol:9 No:11 2015Vol:9 No:10 2015Vol:9 No:09 2015Vol:9 No:08 2015Vol:9 No:07 2015Vol:9 No:06 2015Vol:9 No:05 2015Vol:9 No:04 2015Vol:9 No:03 2015Vol:9 No:02 2015Vol:9 No:01 2015
Vol:8 No:12 2014Vol:8 No:11 2014Vol:8 No:10 2014Vol:8 No:09 2014Vol:8 No:08 2014Vol:8 No:07 2014Vol:8 No:06 2014Vol:8 No:05 2014Vol:8 No:04 2014Vol:8 No:03 2014Vol:8 No:02 2014Vol:8 No:01 2014
Vol:7 No:12 2013Vol:7 No:11 2013Vol:7 No:10 2013Vol:7 No:09 2013Vol:7 No:08 2013Vol:7 No:07 2013Vol:7 No:06 2013Vol:7 No:05 2013Vol:7 No:04 2013Vol:7 No:03 2013Vol:7 No:02 2013Vol:7 No:01 2013
Vol:6 No:12 2012Vol:6 No:11 2012Vol:6 No:10 2012Vol:6 No:09 2012Vol:6 No:08 2012Vol:6 No:07 2012Vol:6 No:06 2012Vol:6 No:05 2012Vol:6 No:04 2012Vol:6 No:03 2012Vol:6 No:02 2012Vol:6 No:01 2012
Vol:5 No:12 2011Vol:5 No:11 2011Vol:5 No:10 2011Vol:5 No:09 2011Vol:5 No:08 2011Vol:5 No:07 2011Vol:5 No:06 2011Vol:5 No:05 2011Vol:5 No:04 2011Vol:5 No:03 2011Vol:5 No:02 2011Vol:5 No:01 2011
Vol:4 No:12 2010Vol:4 No:11 2010Vol:4 No:10 2010Vol:4 No:09 2010Vol:4 No:08 2010Vol:4 No:07 2010Vol:4 No:06 2010Vol:4 No:05 2010Vol:4 No:04 2010Vol:4 No:03 2010Vol:4 No:02 2010Vol:4 No:01 2010
Vol:3 No:12 2009Vol:3 No:11 2009Vol:3 No:10 2009Vol:3 No:09 2009Vol:3 No:08 2009Vol:3 No:07 2009Vol:3 No:06 2009Vol:3 No:05 2009Vol:3 No:04 2009Vol:3 No:03 2009Vol:3 No:02 2009Vol:3 No:01 2009
Vol:2 No:12 2008Vol:2 No:11 2008Vol:2 No:10 2008Vol:2 No:09 2008Vol:2 No:08 2008Vol:2 No:07 2008Vol:2 No:06 2008Vol:2 No:05 2008Vol:2 No:04 2008Vol:2 No:03 2008Vol:2 No:02 2008Vol:2 No:01 2008
Vol:1 No:12 2007Vol:1 No:11 2007Vol:1 No:10 2007Vol:1 No:09 2007Vol:1 No:08 2007Vol:1 No:07 2007Vol:1 No:06 2007Vol:1 No:05 2007Vol:1 No:04 2007Vol:1 No:03 2007Vol:1 No:02 2007Vol:1 No:01 2007