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Mechanical and Hydric Properties of High- Performance Concrete Containing Natural Zeolites
Mechanical and water transport properties of high performance concrete (HPC) containing natural zeolite as partial replacement of Portland cement are studied. Experimental results show that in the investigated mixes the use of natural zeolite leads to an increase of porosity, decrease of compressive strength and increase of moisture diffusivity and water vapor diffusion coefficient, as compared with the reference HPC. However, for the replacement level up to 20% of the mass of Portland cement the concretes still maintain their high performance character and exhibit acceptable water transport properties. Therefore, natural zeolite can be considered an environmental friendly binder with a potential to replace a part of Portland cement in concrete in building industry.
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[1] D. Frangoulis, E. Chaniotakis, M. L. Stamatakis, "Zeolitic Tuffs of Kimolos Island, Aegean Sea, Greece and Their Industrial Potential," Cement Concrete Res., vol. 27, no. 6, pp. 889-905, 1997.
[2] F. Canpolat, L. Yilmaz, M. M. Koess, M. Suemer, M. A. Yurdusey, "Use of zeolite, coal bottom ash and fly ash as replacement materials in cement production," Cement Concrete Res., vol. 34, no. 5, pp. 731-735, 2004.
[3] G. Harbert, N. Choupay, J. M. Montel, D. Guillame, G. Escadeillas, "Effects of the secondary minerals of the natural pozzolans on their pozzolanic activity," Cement Concrete Res., vol. 38, no. 7, pp. 963- 975, 2008.
[4] D. Caputo, B. Liguori, C. Colella, "Some advances in understanding the pozzolanic activity of zeolites. The effect of zeolite structure," Cement Concrete Comp., vol. 30, no. 5, pp. 455-462, 2008.
[5] G. Mertens, R. Snellings, K. Van Balen, B. Bicer-Simir, P. Verlooy, J. Elsen, "Pozzolanic reactions of common natural zeolites with lime and parameters affecting their reactivity," Cement Concrete Res., vol. 39, no.3, pp. 233-240, 2009.
[6] S. Y. N. Chan, X. Ji, "Comparative study of the initial surface absorption and chloride diffusion of high performance zeolite, silica fume and PFA concretes," Cement Concrete Comp., vol. 21, no.4, pp. 293-300, 1999.
[7] B. D. Ikotun, S. Ekolu, "Strength and durability effect of modified zeolite additive on concrete properties," Const. Build. Mat., vol. 24, No. 5, pp. 749-757, 2010.
[8] B. Ahmadi, M. Shekarchi, "Use of natural zeolite as a supplementary cementitious material," Cement Concrete Comp., vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 134-141, 2010.
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[10] S. Roels, J. Carmeliet, H. Hens, O. Adan, H. Brocken, R. ČernÛ, Z. Pavlík, C. Hall, K. Kumaran, L. Pel, R. Plagge, "Interlaboratory Comparison of Hygric Properties of Porous Building Materials," J. Therm. Env. Build. Sci., vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 307-325, 2010.
[11] ─îSN EN 12390-3, Testing of hardened concrete - Part 3: Compressive strength. Czech Standardization Institute, Prague, 2002.
[12] M. K. Kumaran, "Moisture diffusivity of building materials from water absorption measurements," J. Therm. Env. Build. Sci., Vol. 22, No. 4, pp. 349-355, 1999.
[13] R. ČernÛ, P. Rovnaníková, Transport Processes in Concrete. Spon Press, London, 2002.
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