Metal Berthelot Tubes with Windows for Observing Cavitation under Static Negative Pressure
Cavitation under static negative pressure is not revealed well. The Berthelot method to generate such negative pressure can be a means to study cavitation inception. In this study, metal Berthelot tubes built in observation windows are newly developed and are checked whether high static negative pressure is generated or not. Negative pressure in the tube with a pair of a corundum plate and an aluminum gasket increased with temperature cycles. The trend was similar to that as reported before.
 A. R. Imre, H. J. Maris, and P. R. Williams, “Introduction,” in Liquids Under Negative Pressure, vol. 84, A. R. Imre, H. J. Maris, and P. R. Williams, Eds. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2002. pp. ix-xi.
 H. Kato, “Cavitation”, Tokyo: Maki-shoten, 1999. (in Japanese)
 Y. Ohde, M. Ikemizu, H. Okamoto, W. Hosokawa, and T. Ando, “The two-stage increase in negative pressure with repeated cavitation for water in a metal Berthelot tube,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys., vol. 21, pp. 1540, 1998.
 K. Hiro, Y. Ohde and Y. Tanzawa, “Stagnations of increasing trends in negative pressure with repeated cavitation in water/metal Berthelot tubes as a result of mechanical sealing,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. vol.36, pp. 592-597, 2003.
 Y Ohde, H Watanabe, K hiro, K Motoshita and Y Tanzawa, “Raising of negative pressure to around -200 bar for some organic liquids in a metal Berthelot tube,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 26, pp. 1088-1191, 1993.
 H. Domininghaus, “Appendix”, in Plastics for Engineers: Materials, Properties, Applications, Oxford u\Univ. Press., 1993. p. 732.