Mosquitoes Larval Breeding Habitat in Urban and Suburban Areas, Peninsular Malaysia
Larval survey was carried out in 6 localities in the
urban areas (Putrajaya) and suburban areas (Kuala Selangor) from
January until December 2010. A total of 520 representative
households in 6 localities were selected. Breeding habitats were
sampled outdoors in the surroundings of housing areas. The study
indicated that the most predominant species found in both areas was
Aedes albopictus with the gardening utensil as a preferred breeding
microhabitat for Putrajaya, in contrast to the artificial containers for
Kuala Selangor. From a total of 1083 mosquito larvae species, 984
were Aedes albopictus larvae, 67 positive larvae of Aedes aegypti
and 32 of Culex larvae. Aedes Index and Container Index were
elevated in Putrajaya with 13% and 11% respectively which is higher
than the standard given by the Ministry of Health, Malaysia. This
results implicating dengue-sensitive skewed to the urban areas.
Breteau Index result also above the standard in both study locations.
 B.Bhaskar Rao (2010). Larval habitats of Aedes albopictus (Skuse) in
rural areas of Calicut, Kerala India. Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
 Benjamin KW Koh , Lee Ching Ng, Yuske Kita, Choon Siang Tang, Li
Wei Ang, Kit Yin Wong, Lyn James, Kee Tai Goh (2008). The 2005
Dengue Epidemic in Singapore: Epidemiology, Prevention and Control
Annals Academy of Medicine July 2008, Vol. 37 No. 7
 Isaacs, N. (2006) Measuring Inter Epidemic Risk in a Dengue Endemic
Rural Area Using Aedes Larval Indices. Indian Journal of Community
 John Scott (2002). Guidelines to minimize mosquito and biting midge
problems in new development areas.
 Koedraadt, C.J.M., Tuiten, W., Sithiprasasna, R., Kijchalao, U., Jones,
Jones, J. W. and Scott, T.W. (2006). Dengue Knowledge and Practices
and their Impact on Aedes aegypti Populations in Kamphaeng Phet,
Thailand. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
 Ministry of Health Malaysia (1986). Guideline for Prevention and
Control measure of Dengue Fever/ Dengue Haemorrahagic Fever.
 Nyamah,M.A, Sulaiman,S and Omar, B.(2010). Categorization of
potential breeding sites of dengue vectors in Johor, Malaysia. Tropical
Biomedicine 27(1): 33-40
 Perbadanan Putrajaya, (1997). Putrajaya Review of Master Plan
 Rathor HR.The role of vectors in emerging and re-emerging diseases in
the Eastern Mediterranean Region. Eastern Mediterranean Health
 Rattanarithikul R,Panthusiri P. Illustrated keys to the medically
important mosquitoes of Thailand.Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public
Health 1994;25(suppl1): 1-66.
 Rueda, L.M. (2008). Global diversity of mosquitoes
(Insecta:Diptera:Culicidae) in freshwater. Hydrobiologia 595:477-487.
 Skae, F.M. (1902). Dengue fever in Penang. British Medical Journal 2:
 Theeraphap Chareonviriyaphap, Pongthep Akratanakul, Sommawan
Nettanomsak, and Sataporn Huntamai (2003).Larval habitats and
distribution patterns of Aedes Aegypti (Linnaeus) and Aedes Albopictus
(Skuse), in Thailand. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 34:529-
 Yap, H.H (1975). Distribution of Aedes aegypti (Linnaeus) and Aedes
albopictus (Skuse) in small towns and villages of Penang Island,
Malaysia- an ovitrap survey. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical
Medicine and Public Health 6(4): 519-524.
 World Health Organization, Geneva, (1986). Aedes aegypti: biology and
 World Health Organization (1995). Prevention and control of dengue,
haemorrhagic fever in South-East Asia Region: report of WHO
consultation. New Delhi: Regional office for South-East Asia; 1995.
(SEA/ Haem Fev/65).
 World Health Organization (2006). Situation of Dengue/ Dengue
Hemorrhagic Fever in the South East Asia Region. WHO Regional
 World Health Organization (2008). Dengue and dengue haemorrhagic
fever. WHO Regional Publication.