Copreneurship is a term used to describe the business
pattern of operations run by married couples who share commitment,
goals, and responsibilities in handling a business. Research conducted
overseas showed that copreneurship business activities grew quickly
and played a role in elevating families’ and nations’ socio-economic
standards. In Malaysia, copreneurship has long been cultivated by
spouses. Thus, this study aimed to explore the factors that motivate
married partners to start a copreneurship business, and who is the
dominant partner in the management of this business. The study
participants are four entrepreneurial couples who are SME business
operators selected through purposive sampling. In-depth interviews
and direct observation were used as methods of measurement for
triangulation of qualitative data in this study. The findings of the
interviews were administered using NVivo 8.0 software. The result
shows that freedom is a key factor that drives entrepreneurs to set up
copreneurship businesses, and that the husband dominates the
management aspects of the business. The study gives an overview of
the parties involved in entrepreneurship to provide understanding of
the copreneurship concept as it is practiced. This study provides
academic value by creating understanding of the importance of a
harmonious family institution specifically for forming entrepreneurs
in the familial environment in Malaysia.
 Barnett, F. and S. Barnett, 1988.Working together: Entrepreneurial
couples. Ten Speed Press.
 Tompson, G. H. and H. B. Tompson, 2000.Determinants of successful
co-preneurship. ICSB World Conference. Brisbane, Australia, June.
 Smith, C. R., 2000. Managing work and family in small copreneurial
businesses: An Australian study. Women in Management Review
 Scarborough, N. M., D. Wilson, and T. W. Zimmerer, 2009. Effective
small business management: An entrepreneurial approach. Pearson
 Raiha, A. and Y. Faizah, 2009. Cabaran Antara Pengurusan Perniagaan
dan Kerja Domestik Dalam Memahami Konsep Copreneurship di
Malaysia. Paper presenting in National Seminar on Entrepreneur
Development. Organized by Faculty of Education, Universiti
Kebangsaan Malaysia.8-9 December.
 Muske, G., M. A. Fitzgerald, and J. E. Kim, 2002. Copreneurs as family
businesses: Evaluating the differences by industry
E2002proceedings-11.pdf (2 December 2010).
 Cole, P. M. and K. Johnson, 2007. An exploration of successful
copreneurial relationships post divorce. Family Business Review XX(3):
 De Bruin, A. and K. Lewis, 2004. Toward enriching united career
theory: Familial entrepreneurship and copreneurship. Career
Development International 9(7): 638-646.
 Fitzgerald, M. A. and G. Muske, 2002.Copreneurs: An exploration and
comparison to other family businesses. Family Business Review 15(1):
 Pratt, J. H., 2009. Who operates the business? A comparison of husband
and wife copreneurs from the Survey of Business Owners.USASBE
2009 Proceedings. 568-589.
 Marshack, K. J., 1994. Love and work: How co-preneurial couples
manage the boundaries and transitions in personal relationship and
business partnership. Ph.D. Dissertation, Faculty of The Fielding
 Millman, C., and Martin, L. M., (2007) Exploring small copreneurial
food companies; female leadership perspectives, Women in
Management Review, 22(3), pp. 232-239.
 Blenkinsopp, J. and G. Owens, 2010. At the heart of things: The role of
the married couple in entrepreneurship and family business.
International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour and Research 16(5):
 Wallace, J. S., 2010. Family-owned businesses: Determinants of
business success and profitability. Master Science Thesis, Utah State
 Kamaruddin, M. A., 2007. Motivasi memulakan perniagaan dan
hubungan dengan kejayaan perniagaanu sahawan Bumiputera. Master
Thesis, Faculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia.
 Williams, K. (2008, February). We do: Copreneurs simultaneously build
happy marriages and thriving enterprises. Black Enterprise. Retrieved
September 18 2015 fromhttp://www.allbusiness.com/ companyactivities-
 Carikci, I., 2002. Gender differences in work family conflict among
managers in Turkey: Non western perspective. Paper presented at
EURAM. Stockholm, Sweden, May 2002.
 Fairlie, R. W. and A. M. Robb, 2009.Gender differences in business
performance: Evidence from the Characteristics of Business Owners
sbe-fairlie-robb-final-submission.pdf (2 December 2010).
 Sandhu, H. S. and R. Mehta, 2006.Work-family conflict among women
executives in service sector: An empirical study. Journal of Advances in
Management Research. 3(II): 68-80.