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Commenced in January 2007 Frequency: Monthly Edition: International Publications Count: 29140

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ODA for Gender Equality in Fragile States
This study starts with the review on the role of external assistance to fragile states where the state lacks the capacity to provide better quality lives for its people. One of the tools being the Official Development Assistance, this paper focuses on the its disbursement patterns to fragile states that targets women's empowerment and gender equality to verify where donors stand on their actions on fragile states. The findings show that whereas donors have increased their aid volume with gender equality objectives in absolute terms, it is still lacking when compared to total amount. Hence, donors need to further strengthen their commitment to promoting gender equality in its aid activities as well as to allocate more assistance with significant and principal objectives on gender.
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[1] World Bank, "World Development Report 2012: Gender Equality and Development,” The World Bank, 2012.
[2] United Nations, "The Millennium Development Goals Report 2011,” United Nations: New York, 2011.
[3] S. Browne, "Aid to Fragile States,” in Foreign Aid for Development: Issues, Challenges, and the New Agenda, ed. Gorge Mavrotas. Oxford University Press, pp.152-178, 2010.
[4] OECD, "Supporting Statebuilding in Situations of Conflict and Fragility: Policy Guidance,” OECD Publishing: DAC Guidelines and Reference Series, 2011.
[5] OECD, "Ensuring Fragile States Are Not Left Behind: 2011 Factsheet on Resource Flows in Fragile States,” OECD-DAC International Network on Conflict and Fragility, 2011.
[6] KOICA, "Korea's ODA to Conflict and Fragile States,” Korea International Cooperation Agency, 2011. In Korean.
[7] S. Fukuda-Parr, "Rethinking the Policy Objectives of Development Aid: From Economic Growth to Conflict Prevention,” UNU-WIDER, 2007.
[8] C. Burnside, D. Dollar, "Aid, Policies and Growth.” American Economic Review 90 (4): 847-68, 2000.
[9] S. Knack, "Aid Dependence and Quality of Governance: Cross-Country Empirical Tests,” World Bank Group: Development Research Group, 2001.
[10] P. Collier, D. Dollar, "Development Effectiveness: What have we learnt?” World Bank: Development Research Group, 2001.
[11] N. Birdsall, D. Rodrick and A. Subramanian, "How to Help Poor Countries,” Foreign Affairs, 2005 July/August.
[12] United Nations, "Thematic Paper on MDG 2,” United Nations Development Group, 2010.
[13] United Nations, "Thematic Paper on MDG 4, MDG 5, and MDG 6,” United Nations Development Group, 2010.
[14] UNDP, "Human Development Report: Ch. 5 Violent Conflict,” United Nations Development Programme, 2005.
[15] J. Fearon, "Governance and Civil War Onset,” World Development Report: Background Report, 2011.
[16] T. Bouta, G. Frerks and I. Bannon, "Gender, Conflict and Development,” World Bank, 2005.
[17] S. Baranyi, K. Powell, "Fragile States, Gender Equality and Aid Effectiveness: A Review of Donor Perspectives,” Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA): Gender Equality Division. 2005
[18] OECD, "The DAC Gender Equality Policy Marker,” OECD, 2008.

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