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Commenced in January 2007 Frequency: Monthly Edition: International Publications Count: 29524

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On using PEMFC for Electrical Power Generation on More Electric Aircraft
The electrical power systems of aircrafts have made serious progress in recent years because the aircrafts depend more and more on the electricity. There is a trend in the aircraft industry to replace hydraulic and pneumatic systems with electrical systems, achieving more comfort and monitoring features and enlarging the energetic efficiency. Thus, was born the concept More Electric Aircraft. In this paper is analyzed the integration of a fuel cell into the existing electrical generation and distribution systems of an aircraft. The dynamic characteristics of fuel cell systems necessitate an adaptation of the electrical power system. The architecture studied in this paper consists of a 50kW fuel cell, a dc to dc converter and several loads. The dc to dc converter is used to step down the fuel cell voltage from about 625Vdc to 28Vdc.
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[1] Huiyu Zhu. New Multi-Pulse Diode Rectifier Average Models for AC and DC Power Systems Studies. Thesis of dissertation, 2005 Blacksburg, Virginia;
[2] Emandi, A., Ehsani M. "Aircraft Power Systems: Technology, State of the Art and Future Trends". IEEE AES Systems Magazine, January 2000;
[3] Pratt J. W., Klebanoff L. E., Munoz-Ramos K., Akhil A. A., Curgus D. B., Schenkman B. L. "Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells for Electrical Power Generation On-Board Commercial Airplanes". Sandia Report, 2011;
[4] Corcau, J., Dinca L. "Problems which imposed More-Electric-Aircraft developmend". ICATE 2010-10th International Conference on Applied and Theoretical Electricity, Copernicus data bases, pp. 361-365, Craiova, 2010;
[5] J. Brombach, A Lucken, D Schulz. "Extended power delivery with fuel cell systems". Electrical systems for aircraft, railway and ship propulsion, IEEE Conference, Bologna - Italy, October 19-21, (2010);
[6] M. Santin, A. Traverso, A. Massardo. "Technological aspects of gas turbine and fuel cell hybrid systems for aircraft: a review". The Aeronautical Journal, august (2008), vol. 112;
[7] A. L├╝cken, J. Brombach, D. Schulz. "Design and protection of a high voltage dc on-board grid with integrated fuel cell system on more electric aircraft". Electrical systems for aircraft, railway and ship propulsion, IEEE Conference, Bologna - Italy, October 19-21, (2010);
[8] M. A. Maldonado, N. M. Shah, K. J. Cleek, P. S. Walia, G. J. Korba, "Power management and distribution system for a more-electric aircraft (MADMEL) - program status," Proc. of 32nd Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference, vol. 1, pp. 274- 279, July/Aug. 1997;
[9] Ranjit Jayabalan, "Monitoring and fault diagnosis of multiconverter power electronic systems", The Unversity of Texas at Arlington, december 2006;
[10] Florian Misoc, "A comparative study of DC-DC converters- efects on the output characteristics of direct ethanol fuel cells and NiCd batteries", Kansas State University 2007;
[11] Moir, "The all-electric aircraft - major challenges", IEE Colloquium on All Electric Aircraft, digest no. 1998/260, pp. 2/1 - 2/6, June 1998;
[12] Lungu, M. "Aircrafts- control and command using hierarchical dynamic inversion". Published in Rev. WSEAS TRANSACTIONS on SYSTEMS and CONTROL, Issue 10, Volume 5, October 2010, pag. 792 - 801. ISSN: 1991-8763.
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