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Commenced in January 2007 Frequency: Monthly Edition: International Publications Count: 29414

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Potential of Selected Microbial Strains to Degrade the Gasoil of Hydrocarbon Polluted Soil
Although oil-based drilling fluids are of paramount practical and economical interest, they represent a serious source of pollution, once released into the environment as drill cuttings. The aim of this study is to assess the capability of isolated microorganisms to degrade gasoil fuel. The commonly used physicochemical and biodegradation remediation techniques of petroleum contaminated soil were both investigated. The study revealed that natural biodegradation is favorable. Even though, the presence of heavy metals, the moisture level of (8.55%) and nutrient deficiencies put severe constrains on microorganisms- survival ranges inhibiting the biodegradation process. The selected strains were able to degrade the diesel fuel at significantly high rates (around 98%).
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[1] O. Radwan, S.S., 2008. Microbiology of oil-contaminated desert soils and coastal areas in the Arabian Gulf. Soil Biology 13. In: Dion, P., Nautiyal, C.S. (Eds.), Microbiology of Extreme Soils. 13, 275-298
[2] Mahmoud, H., Al-Hasan, R.H., Khanafer, M., Radwan, S.S.,2010. A microbiological study of the self-cleaning potential of oily Arabian Gulf coasts. Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. 17, 383-391
[3] Ijah, U. J. J., Ndana, M., 2003. Stimulated biodegradation of crude oil in soil amended with periwinkle shells. The Environmentalist. 23, 249-254
[4] Iquatt, C.B., Oyewole, O.A., Abioye, O.P., 2006. Bioremediation of petroleum polluted soil. International Journal of Natural and Applied Science. 1, 21-25
[5] Ismailov, N. M., 1985. Biodegradation of oil hydrocarbons in soil inoculated with yeasts. Microbiology 54, 670-675
[6] Khan, N., Warith, M.A., Luk, G., 2007. A comparison of acute toxicity of biodiesel, biodiesel blends, and diesel on aquatic organisms. J. Air Waste Manage. 57, 286-296
[7] Lapinskiene, A., Martinkus, P., Rebzdaite, V., 2006. Eco-toxicological studies of diesel and biodiesel fuels in aerated soil. Environ. Pollut. 142, 432-437
[8] Bento, F.M., Camargo, F.A., Okeke, B.C., Frankenberger W.T., 2005. Comparative bioremediation of soils contaminated with diesel oil by natural attenuation, biostimulation and bioaugmentation. Bioresource Technol. 96, 1049-1055
[9] Prince, R., Parkerton, T.F., Lee, C., 2007. The primary aerobic biodegradation of gasoline hydrocarbons. Environ. Sci. Technol. 41, 3316-3321
[10] Samanta, S.K., Singh, O.M., Jain, R.K., 2002. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons: environmental pollution and bioremediation - review, Trends in Biotechnology. 20, 243-248
[11] Larpent, M-C., Sanglier, JJ., 1992. Biotechnologie- principes et méthodes, Edition, Doin éditeurs, Paris, 704
[12] Lecomte, P., 1998. Les sites pollués : traitement des sols et des eaux souterraines, 2ème édition, Lavoisier, Paris, 130
[13] Eriksson, M., Ka, J.O., Mohn, W.W., 2001. Effects of Low Temperature and Freez- Thaw Cycles on Hydrocarbon Biodegradation in Arctic Tundra Soil. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 67, 5107-5112
[14] Fredrickson, JK., Hicks Compuestos, RJ., LI, SW., Brockman,FJ., 1988. Plasmid incidence in bactéria from deep subsurface sediments. Appl. Environ Microbiol. 54, 2916-2923
[15] Oudot, J., 1984. Rate of microbial degradation of petroleum components as determined by computerized capillary gaschromatography and computerized mass-spectrometry. Mar.Environ. 13, 277-302
[16] Oudot, J., 2000. Biodégradation du fuel de l-Erika. Life Science.323, 945-950
[17] DeMello, JA., Carmichael, CA., Peacock, EE., Nelson, RK., Arey, JS., Reddy, CM., 2007. Biodegradation and environmental behavior of biodiesel mixtures in the sea: an initial study. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 54, 894-904
[18] Prince, R., Haitmanek, C., Lee, C.C., 2008. The primary aerobic biodegradation of biodiesel B20, Chemosphere, 71, 1446-1451
[19] Bocard, C., 2006. Marées noire et sols pollués par les hydrocarbures, Edition Technip. 234-239.
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