A knowledge-based expert system with the acronym
RASPE is developed as an application tool to help decision makers in
construction companies make informed decisions about managing
risks in pipeline construction projects. Choosing to use expert
systems from all available artificial intelligence techniques is due to
the fact that an expert system is more suited to representing a
domain’s knowledge and the reasoning behind domain-specific
decisions. The knowledge-based expert system can capture the
knowledge in the form of conditional rules which represent various
project scenarios and potential risk mitigation/response actions. The
built knowledge in RASPE is utilized through the underlying
inference engine that allows the firing of rules relevant to a project
scenario into consideration. Paper provides an overview of the
knowledge acquisition process and goes about describing the
knowledge structure which is divided up into four major modules.
The paper shows one module in full detail for illustration purposes
and concludes with insightful remarks.
 N. Y. Zabel, M. E. Georgy, and M. E. Ibrahim, “Developing a Dynamic
Risk Map (DRM) for Pipeline Construction Projects in Middle East”, in
8th International Conference on Risk Analysis and Hazard Mitigation,
Brebbia, C. (ed.), 175-187, Wessex Institute of Technology, UK 2012.
 M. E. Georgy, N. Y. Zabel, and M. E. Ibrahim, “A balanced risk
treatment for construction projects.” In 7th International Conference for
Structural Engineering and Construction, Honolulu, USA, 2013.
 N. Y. Zabel. "Risk Management of Pipeline Infrastructure Projects in
Egypt ", MSc. Thesis, Faculty of Engineering, Cairo University, Giza,
 L. K. Kaetzel, “Highway Concrete (Hwycon) Expert System in the
Classroom” in Third Annual Undergraduate Faculty Enhancement
Symposium on Teaching the Materials Science, Engineering, and Field
Aspects of Concrete, Cincinnati, Illinois, US, 1995.
 D. Merritt, “Building Expert Systems in Prolog,” Amazi.inc, 5861
Greentree Road Lebanon, OH 45036 U.S., 2000.
 Y. F. Bazan, "An Expert System For Material Claims Guidance", Doctor
of Philosophy Thesis, Structural Engineering Department, The Cairo
University In Giza, Egypt, 2001.