Open Science Research Excellence

Open Science Index

Commenced in January 2007 Frequency: Monthly Edition: International Publications Count: 29209

Select areas to restrict search in scientific publication database:
The Link between Distributed Leadership and Educational Outcomes: An Overview of Research
School leadership is commonly considered to have a significant influence on school effectiveness and improvement. Effective school leaders are expected to successfully introduce and support change and innovation at the school unit. Despite an abundance of studies on educational leadership, very few studies have provided evidence on the link between leadership models, and specific educational and school outcomes. This is true of a popular contemporary approach to leadership, namely, distributed leadership. The paper provides an overview of research findings on the effect of distributed leadership on educational outcomes. The theoretical basis for this approach to leadership is presented, with reference to methodological and research limitations. The paper discusses research findings and draws their implications for educational research on school leadership.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):


[1] C. A. Gibb, "Leadership," in Handbook of Social Psychology, G. Lindzey, Ed. Cambridge, MA: Addison-Wesley, 1954, pp. 877-917.
[2] A. Harris, K. Leithwood, C. Day, P. Sammons, and D. Hopkins, "Distributed leadership and organizational change: Reviewing the evidence," Journal of Educational Change, vol. 8, pp. 337-347, 2007.
[3] P. Gronn, "Distributed properties: A new architecture for leadership," Educational Management Administration and Leadership, vol. 28, pp. 317-338, 2000.
[4] V. M. J. Robinson, "Forging the links between distributed leadership and educational outcomes," Journal of Educational Administration, vol. 46, pp. 241-256, 2008.
[5] J. P. Spillane, R. Halverson, and J. B. Diamond, "Towards a theory of leadership practice: A distributed perspective," Journal of Curriculum Studies, vol. 36, pp. 3-34, 2004.
[6] J. P. Spillane, Distributed Leadership. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass, 2006.
[7] J. P. Spillane, and J. B. Diamond, Distributed Leadership in Practice. New York: Teachers College Press, Columbia University, 2007.
[8] P. Gronn, "Distributed leadership as a unit of analysis," Leadership Quarterly, vol. 13, pp. 423-451, 2002a.
[9] P. Gronn, "Distributed leadership," in Second International Handbook of Educational Leadership and Administration, K. Leithwood and P. Hallinger, Eds. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2002b, pp. 653-696.
[10] P. Gronn, "Distributing and intensifying school leadership," in Rethinking Educational Leadership: Challenging the Conventions, N. Bennett, and L. Anderson, Eds. London: Sage, pp. 60-73.
[11] P. Gronn, "The future of distributed leadership," Journal of Educational Administration, vol. 46, pp. 141-158, 2008.
[12] H. S. Timperley, "Distributed leadership: Developing theory from practice," Journal of Curriculum Studies, vol. 37, pp. 395-420, 2005.
[13] D. Mayrowetz, "Making sense of distributed leadership: Exploring the multiple usages of the concept in the field," Educational Administration Quarterly, vol. 4, pp. 424-435, 2008.
[14] P. A. Woods, N. Bennett, J. A. Harvey, and C. Wise, "Variabilities and dualities in distributed leadership: Findings from a systematic literature review," Educational Management, Administration and Leadership, vol. 32, pp. 439-457, 2004.
[15] K. Leithwood, and D. Jantzi, "The relative effects of principal and teacher sources of leadership on student engagement with school," Educational Administration Quarterly, vol. 35, pp. 679-706, 1999.
[16] K. Leithwood, and D. Jantzi, "The effects of different sources of leadership on student engagement in school," in, Leadership for Change and School Reform, K. Riley, and K. Louis, Eds. London: Routledge, 2000, pp. 50-66.
[17] H. Sillins, and W. Mulford, Leadership and School Results. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer, 2002.
[18] K. Leithwood, and B. Mascall, "Collective leadership effects on student achievement," Educational Administration Quarterly, vol. 44, pp. 529- 561, 2008.
[19] J. Spillane, and J. Zoltners Sherer, "A distributed perspective on school leadership: Leadership practice as stretched over people and place," Paper presented at The Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Diego, CA, Apr. 2004.
[20] A. Harris, and D. Muijs, Improving Schools through Teacher Leadership. London: Open University Press, 2004.
[21] A. Harris, Distributed School Leadership: Developing Tomorrow-s Leaders. London: Routledge, 2008.
[22] B. Mascall, K. Leithwood, T. Straus, and R. Sacks, "The relationship between distributed leadership and teachers- academic optimism," Journal of Educational Administration, vol. 46, pp. 214-228, 2008.
[23] H. Hulpia, and G. Devos, "How distributed leadership can make a difference in teachers- organizational commitment? A qualitative study," Teaching and Teacher Education, vol. 26, pp. 565-575, 2010.
[24] H. Hulpia, G. Devos, and Y. Rosseel, "Development and validation of scores on the distributed leadership inventory," Educational and Psychological Measurement, vol. XX, pp. 1-22, 2009.
[25] W. K. Hoy, and C. G. Miskel, Educational Administration: Theory, Research and Practice, 9th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2013.
[26] P. Hallinger, "Leading educational change: Reflections on the practice of instructional and transformational leadership," Cambridge Journal of Education, vol. 33, pp. 329-351, 2003.
Vol:13 No:01 2019
Vol:12 No:12 2018Vol:12 No:11 2018Vol:12 No:10 2018Vol:12 No:09 2018Vol:12 No:08 2018Vol:12 No:07 2018Vol:12 No:06 2018Vol:12 No:05 2018Vol:12 No:04 2018Vol:12 No:03 2018Vol:12 No:02 2018Vol:12 No:01 2018
Vol:11 No:12 2017Vol:11 No:11 2017Vol:11 No:10 2017Vol:11 No:09 2017Vol:11 No:08 2017Vol:11 No:07 2017Vol:11 No:06 2017Vol:11 No:05 2017Vol:11 No:04 2017Vol:11 No:03 2017Vol:11 No:02 2017Vol:11 No:01 2017
Vol:10 No:12 2016Vol:10 No:11 2016Vol:10 No:10 2016Vol:10 No:09 2016Vol:10 No:08 2016Vol:10 No:07 2016Vol:10 No:06 2016Vol:10 No:05 2016Vol:10 No:04 2016Vol:10 No:03 2016Vol:10 No:02 2016Vol:10 No:01 2016
Vol:9 No:12 2015Vol:9 No:11 2015Vol:9 No:10 2015Vol:9 No:09 2015Vol:9 No:08 2015Vol:9 No:07 2015Vol:9 No:06 2015Vol:9 No:05 2015Vol:9 No:04 2015Vol:9 No:03 2015Vol:9 No:02 2015Vol:9 No:01 2015
Vol:8 No:12 2014Vol:8 No:11 2014Vol:8 No:10 2014Vol:8 No:09 2014Vol:8 No:08 2014Vol:8 No:07 2014Vol:8 No:06 2014Vol:8 No:05 2014Vol:8 No:04 2014Vol:8 No:03 2014Vol:8 No:02 2014Vol:8 No:01 2014
Vol:7 No:12 2013Vol:7 No:11 2013Vol:7 No:10 2013Vol:7 No:09 2013Vol:7 No:08 2013Vol:7 No:07 2013Vol:7 No:06 2013Vol:7 No:05 2013Vol:7 No:04 2013Vol:7 No:03 2013Vol:7 No:02 2013Vol:7 No:01 2013
Vol:6 No:12 2012Vol:6 No:11 2012Vol:6 No:10 2012Vol:6 No:09 2012Vol:6 No:08 2012Vol:6 No:07 2012Vol:6 No:06 2012Vol:6 No:05 2012Vol:6 No:04 2012Vol:6 No:03 2012Vol:6 No:02 2012Vol:6 No:01 2012
Vol:5 No:12 2011Vol:5 No:11 2011Vol:5 No:10 2011Vol:5 No:09 2011Vol:5 No:08 2011Vol:5 No:07 2011Vol:5 No:06 2011Vol:5 No:05 2011Vol:5 No:04 2011Vol:5 No:03 2011Vol:5 No:02 2011Vol:5 No:01 2011
Vol:4 No:12 2010Vol:4 No:11 2010Vol:4 No:10 2010Vol:4 No:09 2010Vol:4 No:08 2010Vol:4 No:07 2010Vol:4 No:06 2010Vol:4 No:05 2010Vol:4 No:04 2010Vol:4 No:03 2010Vol:4 No:02 2010Vol:4 No:01 2010
Vol:3 No:12 2009Vol:3 No:11 2009Vol:3 No:10 2009Vol:3 No:09 2009Vol:3 No:08 2009Vol:3 No:07 2009Vol:3 No:06 2009Vol:3 No:05 2009Vol:3 No:04 2009Vol:3 No:03 2009Vol:3 No:02 2009Vol:3 No:01 2009
Vol:2 No:12 2008Vol:2 No:11 2008Vol:2 No:10 2008Vol:2 No:09 2008Vol:2 No:08 2008Vol:2 No:07 2008Vol:2 No:06 2008Vol:2 No:05 2008Vol:2 No:04 2008Vol:2 No:03 2008Vol:2 No:02 2008Vol:2 No:01 2008
Vol:1 No:12 2007Vol:1 No:11 2007Vol:1 No:10 2007Vol:1 No:09 2007Vol:1 No:08 2007Vol:1 No:07 2007Vol:1 No:06 2007Vol:1 No:05 2007Vol:1 No:04 2007Vol:1 No:03 2007Vol:1 No:02 2007Vol:1 No:01 2007