Open Science Research Excellence
%0 Journal Article
%A Ridzuan Ramli and  Norhafzan Junadi and  Mohammad D.H. Beg and  Rosli M. Yunus
%D 2015 
%J  International Journal of Chemical, Molecular, Nuclear, Materials and Metallurgical Engineering
%B World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology
%I International Science Index 97, 2015
%T Microcrystalline Cellulose (MCC) From Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch (EFB) Fiber via Simultaneous Ultrasonic and Alkali Treatment
%V 97
%X In this study, microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) was
extracted from oil palm empty fruit bunch (EFB) cellulose which was
earlier isolated from oil palm EFB fibre. In order to isolate the
cellulose, the chlorination method was carried out. Then, the MCC
was prepared by simultaneous ultrasonic and alkali treatment from
the isolated α-cellulose. Based on mass balance calculation, the yields
for MCC obtained from EFB was 44%. For fiber characterization, it
is observed that the chemical composition of the hemicellulose and
lignin for all samples decreased while composition for cellulose
increased. The structural property of the MCC was studied by X-ray
diffraction (XRD) method and the result shows that the MCC
produced is a cellulose-I polymorph, with 73% crystallinity.

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