Open Science Research Excellence
@article{(International Science Index):,
  title    = {The Effect of Different Levels of Seed and Extract of Harmal (Peganum harmala L.) on Immune Responses of Broiler Chicks},
  author    = {M. Toghyani and  A. Ghasemi and  S. A. Tabeidian},
  country   = {Iran, Islamic Republic Of},
  institution={Islamic Azad University Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch},
  abstract  = {The present study was carried out to evaluate the
effect of different levels of dietary seed and extract of Harmal
(Peganum harmala L.) on immunity of broiler chicks. A total of 350
one-day old broiler chicks (Ross 308) were randomly allocated to
five dietary treatments with four replicates pen of 14 birds each.
Dietary treatments consisted of control, 1 and 2 g/kg Harmal seed in
diet, 100 and 200 mg/L Harmal seed extract in water. Broilers
received dietary treatments from 1 to 42 d. Two birds from each pen
were randomly weighed and sacrificed at 42 d of age, the relative
weight of lymphoid organs (bursa of Fabercius and spleen) to live
weight were calculated. Antibody titers against Newcastle and
influenza viruses and sheep red blood cell were measured at 30 d of
age. Results showed that the relative weights of lymphoid organs
were not affected by dietary treatments. Furthermore, antibody titer
against Newcastle and influenza viruses as well as sheep red blood
cell antigen were significantly (P<0.05) enhanced by feeding Harmal
seed and extract. In conclusion, the results indicated that dietary
inclusion of Harmal seed and extract enhanced immunological
responses in broiler chicks.
    journal   = {International Journal of Biological, Biomolecular, Agricultural, Food and Biotechnological Engineering},  volume    = {9},
  number    = {1},
  year      = {2015},
  pages     = {51 - 54},
  ee        = {},
  url       = {},
  bibsource = {},
  issn      = {eISSN:1307-6892},
  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
  index     = {International Science Index 97, 2015},