Open Science Research Excellence
%0 Journal Article
%A Tarek M. Alguhane and  Ayman H. Khalil and  M. N. Fayed and  Ayman M. Ismail
%D 2015 
%J  International Journal of Civil, Environmental, Structural, Construction and Architectural Engineering
%B World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology
%I International Science Index 99, 2015
%T Ambient Vibration Testing of Existing Buildings in Madinah
%V 99
%X The elastic period has a primary role in the seismic
assessment of buildings. Reliable calculations and/or estimates of the
fundamental frequency of a building and its site are essential during
analysis and design process. Various code formulas based on
empirical data are generally used to estimate the fundamental
frequency of a structure. For existing structures, in addition to code
formulas and available analytical tools such as modal analyses,
various methods of testing including ambient and forced vibration
testing procedures may be used to determine dynamic characteristics.
In this study, the dynamic properties of the 32 buildings located in
the Madinah of Saudi Arabia were identified using ambient motions
recorded at several, spatially-distributed locations within each
building. Ambient vibration measurements of buildings have been
analyzed and the fundamental longitudinal and transverse periods for
all tested buildings are presented. The fundamental mode of vibration
has been compared in plots with codes formulae (Saudi Building
Code, EC8, and UBC1997). The results indicate that measured
periods of existing buildings are shorter than that given by most
empirical code formulas. Recommendations are given based on the
common design and construction practice in Madinah city.

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