Open Science Research Excellence
%0 Journal Article
%A Akiko Kondo and  Akio Kondo
%D 2015 
%J  International Journal of Architectural and Environmental Engineering
%B World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology
%I International Science Index 99, 2015
%T Characteristics of Regional Issues in Local Municipalities of Japan in Consideration of Socio-Economic Condition
%U http://waset.org/publications/10000975
%V 99
%X We are facing serious problems related to long-term
depopulation and an aging society with a falling birth rate in Japan. In
this situation, we are suffering from a shortfall in human resources as
well as a shortage of workforce in rural regions. In addition, we are
struggling with a protracted economic slump and excess concentration
of population in the Tokyo Metropolitan area. It is an urgent national
issue to consider how to live in this country and what kind of structure
of society and administration policy is needed. It is necessary to clarify
people’s desire for their way of living and social assistance to be
provided. The aim of this study is to clarify the characteristics of
regional issues and the degree of their seriousness in local
municipalities of Japan. We conducted a questionnaire survey about
regional agenda in all local municipalities in Japan. We obtained
responses concerning the degree of seriousness of regional issues and
degree of importance of policies. Based on the data gathered from the
survey, it is apparent that many local municipalities are facing an
aging population and declining population. We constructed a model to
analyze factors for declining population. Using the model, it was
clarified that a population’s age structure, job opportunities and
income level affect the decline of population. In addition, we showed
the way of the evaluation of state of local municipality.

%P 960 - 965