Open Science Research Excellence
@article{(International Science Index):http://waset.org/publications/10001444,
  title    = {Data Hiding by Vector Quantization in Color Image},
  author    = {Yung-Gi Wu},
  country   = {Taiwan},
  institution={Chang Jung Christian University},
  abstract  = {With the growing of computer and network, digital
data can be spread to anywhere in the world quickly. In addition,
digital data can also be copied or tampered easily so that the security
issue becomes an important topic in the protection of digital data.
Digital watermark is a method to protect the ownership of digital data.
Embedding the watermark will influence the quality certainly. In this
paper, Vector Quantization (VQ) is used to embed the watermark into
the image to fulfill the goal of data hiding. This kind of watermarking
is invisible which means that the users will not conscious the existing
of embedded watermark even though the embedded image has tiny
difference compared to the original image. Meanwhile, VQ needs a lot
of computation burden so that we adopt a fast VQ encoding scheme by
partial distortion searching (PDS) and mean approximation scheme to
speed up the data hiding process.
The watermarks we hide to the image could be gray, bi-level and
color images. Texts are also can be regarded as watermark to embed.
In order to test the robustness of the system, we adopt Photoshop to
fulfill sharpen, cropping and altering to check if the extracted
watermark is still recognizable. Experimental results demonstrate that
the proposed system can resist the above three kinds of tampering in
general cases.},
    journal   = {International Journal of Computer, Electrical, Automation, Control and Information Engineering},  volume    = {9},
  number    = {5},
  year      = {2015},
  pages     = {1243 - 1250},
  ee        = {http://waset.org/publications/10001444},
  url       = {http://waset.org/Publications?p=101},
  bibsource = {http://waset.org/Publications},
  issn      = {eISSN:1307-6892},
  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
  index     = {International Science Index 101, 2015},
}