{
"title": "Mathematics Anxiety among Male and Female Students",
"authors": "Wern Lin Yeo, Choo Kim Tan, Sook Ling Lew",
"country": "Malaysia",
"institution": "Multimedia University",
"volume": "104",
"journal": "International Journal of Social, Behavioral, Educational, Economic, Business and Industrial Engineering",
"pagesStart": 2830,
"pagesEnd": 2836,
"ISSN": "1307-6892",
"URL": "http:\/\/waset.org\/publications\/10002139",
"abstract": "The purpose of this study is to determine the\r\nrelationship of anxiety level between male and female undergraduates\r\nat a private university in Malaysia. Convenient sampling method used\r\nin this study in which the students were selected based on the\r\ngrouping assigned by the faculty. There were 214 undergraduates\r\nwho registered the probability courses had participated in this study.\r\nMathematics Anxiety Rating Scale (MARS) was the instrument used\r\nin study which used to determine students\u2019 anxiety level towards\r\nprobability. Reliability and validity of instrument was done before the\r\nmajor study was conducted. In the major study, students were given\r\nbriefing about the study conducted. Participation of this study was\r\nvoluntary. Students were given consent form to determine whether\r\nthey agree to participate in the study. Duration of two weeks was\r\ngiven for students to complete the given online questionnaire. The\r\ndata collected will be analyzed using Statistical Package for the\r\nSocial Sciences (SPSS) to determine the level of anxiety. There were\r\nthree anxiety level, i.e., low, average and high. Students\u2019 anxiety\r\nlevel was determined based on their scores obtained compared with\r\nthe mean and standard deviation. If the scores obtained were below\r\nmean and standard deviation, the anxiety level was low. If the scores\r\nwere at below and above the mean and between one standard\r\ndeviation, the anxiety level was average. If the scores were above the\r\nmean and greater than one standard deviation, the anxiety level was\r\nhigh. Results showed that both of genders were having average\r\nanxiety level. Among low, average and high anxiety level, frequency\r\nof males were found to be higher as compared to females. Hence, the\r\nmean values obtained for males (M = 3.62) was higher than females\r\n(M = 3.42). In order to be significant of anxiety level among the\r\ngender, the p-value should be less than .05. The p-value obtained in\r\nthis study was .117. However, this value was greater than .05. Thus,\r\nthere was no significant difference of anxiety level among the gender.\r\nIn other words, there was no relationship of anxiety level with the\r\ngender.",
"references": null,
"publisher": "World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology",
"index": "International Science Index 104, 2015"
}