Open Science Research Excellence
%0 Journal Article
%A Mliki Bouchmel and  Belgacem Nabil and  Abbassi Mohamed Ammar and  Geudri Kamel and  Omri Ahmed
%D 2014 
%J  International Journal of Mechanical, Aerospace, Industrial, Mechatronic and Manufacturing Engineering
%B World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology
%I International Science Index 96, 2014
%T Entropy Generation and Heat Transfer of Cu–Water Nanofluid Mixed Convection in a Cavity
%V 96
%X In this numerical work, mixed convection and entropy
generation of Cu–water nanofluid in a lid-driven square cavity have
been investigated numerically using the Lattice Boltzmann Method.
Horizontal walls of the cavity are adiabatic and vertical walls have
constant temperature but different values. The top wall has been
considered as moving from left to right at a constant speed, U0. The
effects of different parameters such as nanoparticle volume
concentration (0–0.05), Rayleigh number (104–106) and Reynolds
numbers (1, 10 and 100) on the entropy generation, flow and
temperature fields are studied. The results have shown that addition
of nanoparticles to the base fluid affects the entropy generation, flow
pattern and thermal behavior especially at higher Rayleigh and low
Reynolds numbers. For pure fluid as well as nanofluid, the increase
of Reynolds number increases the average Nusselt number and the
total entropy generation, linearly. The maximum entropy generation
occurs in nanofluid at low Rayleigh number and at high Reynolds
number. The minimum entropy generation occurs in pure fluid at low
Rayleigh and Reynolds numbers. Also at higher Reynolds number,
the effect of Cu nanoparticles on enhancement of heat transfer was
decreased because the effect of lid-driven cavity was increased. The
present results are validated by favorable comparisons with
previously published results. The results of the problem are presented
in graphical and tabular forms and discussed.
%P 2137 - 2143