Open Science Research Excellence
@article{(International Science Index):http://waset.org/publications/10003256,
  title    = {Development of an Adhesive from Prosopis africana Seed Endosperm (Okpeyi)},
  author    = {Nwangwu Florence Chinyere and  Ene Rosemary Ndidiamaka},
  country   = {Nigeria},
  institution={Institute of Management and Technology},
  abstract  = {This research work is an experimental study, through
development of an adhesive from Prosopis africana endosperm. The
prosopis seed for this work were obtained from Enugu State in the
South East part of Nigeria. The seeds were prepared by separating the
endosperm from the seed coat and cotyledon. Three methods were
used to separate them, which are acidic method, roasting method and
boiling method. 20g of seed were treated with different
concentrations (25, 40, 55, 70, and 85% w/w) at 100°C and constant
time (30 minutes), under continuous stirring with magnetic stirrer.
Also 20g of seed were treated with sulphuric acid of concentrations
40% w/w at 100°C with different time (10, 15, 20, 25, 30 minutes),
under continuous stirring with magnetic stirrer. Finally, 20g of seed
were treated with sulphuric acid of concentrations 40% w/w at
different temperature (20°C, 40°C, 60°C, 80°C, and 100°C) with
constant time (30 minutes), under continuous stirring with magnetic
stirrer. The whole endosperm extracted was adhesive. The physical
properties of the adhesive were determined (appearance, odour, taste,
solubility, pH, size, and binding strength). The percentage of the
adhesive yield makes the commercialization of the seed in Nigeria
possible and profitable. The very high viscosity attained at low
concentrations makes prosopis adhesive an excellent thickener in the
food industry.},
    journal   = {International Journal of Biological, Biomolecular, Agricultural, Food and Biotechnological Engineering},  volume    = {9},
  number    = {9},
  year      = {2015},
  pages     = {1048 - 1052},
  ee        = {http://waset.org/publications/10003256},
  url       = {http://waset.org/Publications?p=105},
  bibsource = {http://waset.org/Publications},
  issn      = {eISSN:1307-6892},
  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
  index     = {International Science Index 105, 2015},
}