Open Science Research Excellence
@article{(International Science Index):http://waset.org/publications/10004450,
  title    = {Production of Biodiesel Using Tannery Fleshing as a Feedstock via Solid-State Fermentation},
  author    = {C. Santhana Krishnan and  A. M. Mimi Sakinah and  Lakhveer Singh and  Zularisam A. Wahid},
  country   = {Malaysia},
  institution={Universiti Malaysia Pahang (UMP)},
  abstract  = {This study was initiated to evaluate and optimize the conversion of animal fat from tannery wastes into methyl ester. In the pre-treatment stage, animal fats feedstock was hydrolysed and esterified through solid state fermentation (SSF) using Microbacterium species immobilized onto sand silica matrix. After 72 hours of fermentation, predominant esters in the animal fats were found to be with 83.9% conversion rate. Later, esterified animal fats were transesterified at 3 hour reaction time with 1% NaOH (w/v %), 6% methanol to oil ratio (w/v %) to produce 89% conversion rate. C13 NMR revealed long carbon chain in fatty acid methyl esters at 22.2817-31.9727 ppm. Methyl esters of palmitic, stearic, oleic represented the major components in biodiesel.
},
    journal   = {International Journal of Chemical, Molecular, Nuclear, Materials and Metallurgical Engineering},  volume    = {10},
  number    = {5},
  year      = {2016},
  pages     = {591 - 596},
  ee        = {http://waset.org/publications/10004450},
  url       = {http://waset.org/Publications?p=113},
  bibsource = {http://waset.org/Publications},
  issn      = {eISSN:1307-6892},
  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
  index     = {International Science Index 113, 2016},
}