Open Science Research Excellence
@article{(International Science Index):,
  title    = {Investigation into Black Oxide Coating of 410 Grade Surgical Stainless Steel Using Alkaline Bath Treatment},
  author    = {K. K. Saju and  A. R. Reghuraj},
  country   = {India},
  institution={Cochin University of Science and Technology},
  abstract  = {High reflectance of surgical instruments under bright
light hinders the visual clarity during laparoscopic surgical
procedures leading to loss of precision and device control and creates
strain and undesired difficulties to surgeons. Majority of the surgical
instruments are made of surgical grade steel. Instruments with a non
reflective surface can enhance the visual clarity during precision
surgeries. A conversion coating of black oxide has been successfully
developed 410 grade surgical stainless steel .The characteristics of
the developed coating suggests the application of this technique for
developing 410 grade surgical instruments with minimal reflectance.},
    journal   = {International Journal of Medical, Health, Biomedical, Bioengineering and Pharmaceutical Engineering},  volume    = {10},
  number    = {5},
  year      = {2016},
  pages     = {276 - 280},
  ee        = {},
  url       = {},
  bibsource = {},
  issn      = {eISSN:1307-6892},
  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
  index     = {International Science Index 113, 2016},