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@article{(International Science Index):http://waset.org/publications/10005262,
  title    = {The Effect of a Three-Month Training Program on the Back Kyphosis of Former Male Addicts},
  author    = {M. J. Pourvaghar and  Sh. Khoshemehry},
  country   = {Iran, Islamic Republic Of},
  institution={University of Kashan},
  abstract  = {Adopting inappropriate body posture during addiction can cause muscular and skeletal deformities. This study is aimed at investigating the effects of a program of the selected corrective exercises on the kyphosis of addicted male patients. Materials and methods: This was a quasi-experimental study. This study has been carried out using the semi-experimental method. The subjects of the present study included 104 addicted men between 25 to 45 years of age. In 2014, these men were referred to one of the NA (Narcotic Anonymous) centres in Kashan in 2015. A total of 24 people suffering from drug withdrawal, who had abnormal kyphosis, were purposefully selected as a sample. The sample was randomly divided into two groups, experimental and control; each group consisted of 12 people. The experimental group participated in a training program for 12 weeks consisting of three 60 minute sessions per week. That includes strengthening, stretching and PNF exercises (deep stretching of the muscle). The control group did no exercise or corrective activity. The Kolmogorov-Smirnov test was used to assess normal distribution of data; and a paired t-test and covariance analysis test were used to assess the effectiveness of the exercises, with a significance level of P≤0.05 by using SPSS18. The results showed that three months of the selected corrective exercises had a significant effect (P≤ 0.005) on the correction of the kyphosis of the addicted male patients after three months of rehabilitation (drug withdrawal) in the experimental group, while there was no significant difference recorded in the control group (P≥0.05). The results show that exercise and corrective activities can be used as non-invasive and non-pharmacological methods to rehabilitate kyphosis abnormalities after drug withdrawal and treatment for addiction.
},
    journal   = {International Journal of Medical, Health, Biomedical, Bioengineering and Pharmaceutical Engineering},  volume    = {10},
  number    = {8},
  year      = {2016},
  pages     = {425 - 429},
  ee        = {http://waset.org/publications/10005262},
  url       = {http://waset.org/Publications?p=116},
  bibsource = {http://waset.org/Publications},
  issn      = {PISSN:2010-376X, EISSN:2010-3778},
  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
  index     = {International Science Index 116, 2016},
}