Excellence in Research and Innovation for Humanity
%0 Journal Article
%A V. Keim and  J. Spachtholz and  J. Hammer
%D 2017 
%J  International Journal of Civil, Environmental, Structural, Construction and Architectural Engineering
%B World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology
%I International Science Index 122, 2017
%T Simulation of the Visco-Elasto-Plastic Deformation Behaviour of Short Glass Fibre Reinforced Polyphthalamides
%U http://waset.org/publications/10006178
%V 122
%X The importance of fibre reinforced plastics continually
increases due to the excellent mechanical properties, low material
and manufacturing costs combined with significant weight reduction.
Today, components are usually designed and calculated numerically
by using finite element methods (FEM) to avoid expensive laboratory
tests. These programs are based on material models including
material specific deformation characteristics. In this research project,
material models for short glass fibre reinforced plastics are presented
to simulate the visco-elasto-plastic deformation behaviour. Prior
to modelling specimens of the material EMS Grivory HTV-5H1,
consisting of a Polyphthalamide matrix reinforced by 50wt.-% of
short glass fibres, are characterized experimentally in terms of
the highly time dependent deformation behaviour of the matrix
material. To minimize the experimental effort, the cyclic deformation
behaviour under tensile and compressive loading (R = −1) is
characterized by isothermal complex low cycle fatigue (CLCF)
tests. Combining cycles under two strain amplitudes and strain
rates within three orders of magnitude and relaxation intervals
into one experiment the visco-elastic deformation is characterized.
To identify visco-plastic deformation monotonous tensile tests
either displacement controlled or strain controlled (CERT) are
compared. All relevant modelling parameters for this complex
superposition of simultaneously varying mechanical loadings are
quantified by these experiments. Subsequently, two different material
models are compared with respect to their accuracy describing the
visco-elasto-plastic deformation behaviour. First, based on Chaboche
an extended 12 parameter model (EVP-KV2) is used to model cyclic
visco-elasto-plasticity at two time scales. The parameters of the
model including a total separation of elastic and plastic deformation
are obtained by computational optimization using an evolutionary
algorithm based on a fitness function called genetic algorithm.
Second, the 12 parameter visco-elasto-plastic material model by
Launay is used. In detail, the model contains a different type of a
flow function based on the definition of the visco-plastic deformation
as a part of the overall deformation. The accuracy of the models is
verified by corresponding experimental LCF testing.
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