Open Science Research Excellence
%0 Journal Article
%A Jayden Levy and  Garth M. K. Pearce
%D 2018 
%J  International Journal of Chemical, Molecular, Nuclear, Materials and Metallurgical Engineering
%B World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology
%I International Science Index 141, 2018
%T Delamination Fracture Toughness Benefits of Inter-Woven Plies in Composite Laminates Produced through Automated Fibre Placement
%V 141
%X An automated fibre placement method has been
developed to build through-thickness reinforcement into carbon fibre
reinforced plastic laminates during their production, with the goal
of increasing delamination fracture toughness while circumventing
the additional costs and defects imposed by post-layup stitching
and z-pinning. Termed ‘inter-weaving’, the method uses custom
placement sequences of thermoset prepreg tows to distribute regular
fibre link regions in traditionally clean ply interfaces. Inter-weaving’s impact on mode I delamination fracture toughness
was evaluated experimentally through double cantilever beam tests
(ASTM standard D5528-13) on [±15°]9 laminates made from Park
Electrochemical Corp. E-752-LT 1/4” carbon fibre prepreg tape.
Unwoven and inter-woven automated fibre placement samples were
compared to those of traditional laminates produced from standard
uni-directional plies of the same material system. Unwoven automated fibre placement laminates were found to
suffer a mostly constant 3.5% decrease in mode I delamination
fracture toughness compared to flat uni-directional plies. Inter-weaving caused significant local fracture toughness increases
(up to 50%), though these were offset by a matching overall
reduction. These positive and negative behaviours of inter-woven
laminates were respectively found to be caused by fibre breakage
and matrix deformation at inter-weave sites, and the 3D layering
of inter-woven ply interfaces providing numerous paths of least
resistance for crack propagation.
%P 480 - 490