Open Science Research Excellence
%0 Journal Article
%A Wisam F. Al-Azzo and  Borhanuddin Mohd. Ali
%D 2011 
%J  International Journal of Electrical, Computer, Energetic, Electronic and Communication Engineering
%B World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology
%I International Science Index 51, 2011
%T Adaptive Square-Rooting Companding Technique for PAPR Reduction in OFDM Systems
%V 51
%X This paper addresses the problem of peak-to-average
power ratio (PAPR) in orthogonal frequency division multiplexing
(OFDM) systems. It also introduces a new PAPR reduction technique
based on adaptive square-rooting (SQRT) companding process. The
SQRT process of the proposed technique changes the statistical
characteristics of the OFDM output signals from Rayleigh
distribution to Gaussian-like distribution. This change in statistical
distribution results changes of both the peak and average power
values of OFDM signals, and consequently reduces significantly the
PAPR. For the 64QAM OFDM system using 512 subcarriers, up to 6
dB reduction in PAPR was achieved by square-rooting technique
with fixed degradation in bit error rate (BER) equal to 3 dB.
However, the PAPR is reduced at the expense of only -15 dB out-ofband
spectral shoulder re-growth below the in-band signal level. The
proposed adaptive SQRT technique is superior in terms of BER
performance than the original, non-adaptive, square-rooting
technique when the required reduction in PAPR is no more than 5
dB. Also, it provides fixed amount of PAPR reduction in which it is
not available in the original SQRT technique.
%P 283 - 287