Excellence in Research and Innovation for Humanity
%0 Journal Article
%A Malika Fekih and  Mohamed Saighi
%D 2012 
%J  International Journal of Mathematical, Computational, Physical, Electrical and Computer Engineering
%B World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology
%I International Science Index 68, 2012
%T Measurement and Estimation of Evaporation from Water Surfaces: Application to Dams in Arid and Semi Arid Areas in Algeria
%U http://waset.org/publications/11664
%V 68
%X Many methods exist for either measuring or estimating
evaporation from free water surfaces. Evaporation pans provide one
of the simplest, inexpensive, and most widely used methods of
estimating evaporative losses. In this study, the rate of evaporation
starting from a water surface was calculated by modeling with
application to dams in wet, arid and semi arid areas in Algeria.
We calculate the evaporation rate from the pan using the energy
budget equation, which offers the advantage of an ease of use, but
our results do not agree completely with the measurements taken by
the National Agency of areas carried out using dams located in areas
of different climates. For that, we develop a mathematical model to
simulate evaporation. This simulation uses an energy budget on the
level of a vat of measurement and a Computational Fluid Dynamics
(Fluent). Our calculation of evaporation rate is compared then by the
two methods and with the measures of areas in situ.
%P 905 - 908