TY - JFULL
AU - Fred Lacy
PY - 2013/5/
TI - An Examination and Validation of the Theoretical Resistivity-Temperature Relationship for Conductors
T2 - International Journal of Electrical, Computer, Energetic, Electronic and Communication Engineering
SP - 438
EP - 445
EM - fred_lacy@subr.edu
VL - 7
SN - 1307-6892
UR - http://waset.org/publications/17289
PU - World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology
NX - International Science Index 76, 2013
N2 - Electrical resistivity is a fundamental parameter of metals or electrical conductors. Since resistivity is a function of temperature, in order to completely understand the behavior of metals, a temperature dependent theoretical model is needed. A model based on physics principles has recently been developed to obtain an equation that relates electrical resistivity to temperature. This equation is dependent upon a parameter associated with the electron travel time before being scattered, and a parameter that relates the energy of the atoms and their separation distance. Analysis of the energy parameter reveals that the equation is optimized if the proportionality term in the equation is not constant but varies over the temperature range. Additional analysis reveals that the theoretical equation can be used to determine the mean free path of conduction electrons, the number of defects in the atomic lattice, and the ‘equivalent’ charge associated with the metallic bonding of the atoms. All of this analysis provides validation for the theoretical model and provides insight into the behavior of metals where performance is affected by temperatures (e.g., integrated circuits and temperature sensors).
ER -