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@article{(International Science Index):http://waset.org/publications/7410,
  title    = { A CFD Study of Turbulent Convective Heat Transfer Enhancement in Circular Pipeflow},
  author    = {Perumal Kumar and  Rajamohan Ganesan},
  country   = {},
  abstract  = {Addition of milli or micro sized particles to the heat
transfer fluid is one of the many techniques employed for improving
heat transfer rate. Though this looks simple, this method has
practical problems such as high pressure loss, clogging and erosion
of the material of construction. These problems can be overcome by
using nanofluids, which is a dispersion of nanosized particles in a
base fluid. Nanoparticles increase the thermal conductivity of the
base fluid manifold which in turn increases the heat transfer rate.
Nanoparticles also increase the viscosity of the basefluid resulting in
higher pressure drop for the nanofluid compared to the base fluid. So
it is imperative that the Reynolds number (Re) and the volume
fraction have to be optimum for better thermal hydraulic
effectiveness. In this work, the heat transfer enhancement using
aluminium oxide nanofluid using low and high volume fraction
nanofluids in turbulent pipe flow with constant wall temperature has
been studied by computational fluid dynamic modeling of the
nanofluid flow adopting the single phase approach. Nanofluid, up till
a volume fraction of 1% is found to be an effective heat transfer
enhancement technique. The Nusselt number (Nu) and friction factor
predictions for the low volume fractions (i.e. 0.02%, 0.1 and 0.5%)
agree very well with the experimental values of Sundar and Sharma
(2010). While, predictions for the high volume fraction nanofluids
(i.e. 1%, 4% and 6%) are found to have reasonable agreement with
both experimental and numerical results available in the literature.
So the computationally inexpensive single phase approach can be
used for heat transfer and pressure drop prediction of new nanofluids.},
    journal   = {International Journal of Mathematical, Computational, Physical, Electrical and Computer Engineering},  volume    = {6},
  number    = {8},
  year      = {2012},
  pages     = {909 - 916},
  ee        = {http://waset.org/publications/7410},
  url       = {http://waset.org/Publications?p=68},
  bibsource = {http://waset.org/Publications},
  issn      = {PISSN:2010-376X, EISSN:2010-3778},
  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
  index     = {International Science Index 68, 2012},