Open Science Research Excellence
%0 Journal Article
%A P.Kumar
%D 2011 
%J  International Journal of Mechanical, Aerospace, Industrial, Mechatronic and Manufacturing Engineering
%B World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology
%I International Science Index 57, 2011
%T A CFD Study of Heat Transfer Enhancement in Pipe Flow with Al2O3 Nanofluid
%U http://waset.org/publications/7518
%V 57
%X Fluids are used for heat transfer in many engineering
equipments. Water, ethylene glycol and propylene glycol are some
of the common heat transfer fluids. Over the years, in an attempt to
reduce the size of the equipment and/or efficiency of the process,
various techniques have been employed to improve the heat transfer
rate of these fluids. Surface modification, use of inserts and
increased fluid velocity are some examples of heat transfer
enhancement techniques. Addition of milli or micro sized particles
to the heat transfer fluid is another way of improving heat transfer
rate. Though this looks simple, this method has practical problems
such as high pressure loss, clogging and erosion of the material of
construction. These problems can be overcome by using nanofluids,
which is a dispersion of nanosized particles in a base fluid.
Nanoparticles increase the thermal conductivity of the base fluid
manifold which in turn increases the heat transfer rate. In this work,
the heat transfer enhancement using aluminium oxide nanofluid has
been studied by computational fluid dynamic modeling of the
nanofluid flow adopting the single phase approach.
%P 1850 - 1854