Open Science Research Excellence
@article{(International Science Index):,
  title    = {Fingerprint Compression Using Contourlet Transform and Multistage Vector Quantization},
  author    = {S. Esakkirajan and  T. Veerakumar and  V. Senthil Murugan and  R. Sudhakar},
  country   = {},
  abstract  = {This paper presents a new fingerprint coding technique
based on contourlet transform and multistage vector quantization.
Wavelets have shown their ability in representing natural images that
contain smooth areas separated with edges. However, wavelets
cannot efficiently take advantage of the fact that the edges usually
found in fingerprints are smooth curves. This issue is addressed by
directional transforms, known as contourlets, which have the
property of preserving edges. The contourlet transform is a new
extension to the wavelet transform in two dimensions using
nonseparable and directional filter banks. The computation and
storage requirements are the major difficulty in implementing a
vector quantizer. In the full-search algorithm, the computation and
storage complexity is an exponential function of the number of bits
used in quantizing each frame of spectral information. The storage
requirement in multistage vector quantization is less when compared
to full search vector quantization. The coefficients of contourlet
transform are quantized by multistage vector quantization. The
quantized coefficients are encoded by Huffman coding. The results
obtained are tabulated and compared with the existing wavelet based
    journal   = {International Journal of Computer, Electrical, Automation, Control and Information Engineering},  volume    = {1},
  number    = {3},
  year      = {2007},
  pages     = {823 - 830},
  ee        = {},
  url       = {},
  bibsource = {},
  issn      = {eISSN:1307-6892},
  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
  index     = {International Science Index 3, 2007},