Open Science Research Excellence
%0 Journal Article
%A Balasubramanian P and  Ligy Philip and  S. Murty Bhallamudi
%D 2011 
%J  International Journal of Environmental, Chemical, Ecological, Geological and Geophysical Engineering
%B World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology
%I International Science Index 54, 2011
%T Effect of Chloroform on Aerobic Biodegradation of Organic Solvents in Pharmaceutical Wastewater
%U http://waset.org/publications/8159
%V 54
%X In this study, cometabolic biodegradation of
chloroform was experimented with mixed cultures in the presence of
various organic solvents like methanol, ethanol, isopropanol, acetone,
acetonitrile and toluene as these are predominant discharges in
pharmaceutical industries. Toluene and acetone showed higher
specific chloroform degradation rate when compared to other
compounds. Cometabolic degradation of chloroform was further
confirmed by observation of free chloride ions in the medium. An
extended Haldane model, incorporating the inhibition due to
chloroform and the competitive inhibition between primary
substrates, was developed to predict the biodegradation of primary
substrates, cometabolic degradation of chloroform and the biomass
growth. The proposed model is based on the use of biokinetic
parameters obtained from single substrate degradation studies. The
model was able to satisfactorily predict the experimental results of
ternary and quaternary mixtures. The proposed model can be used for
predicting the performance of bioreactors treating discharges from
pharmaceutical industries.
%P 366 - 373