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@article{(International Science Index):http://waset.org/publications/9371,
  title    = {In Cognitive Radio the Analysis of Bit-Error- Rate (BER) by using PSO Algorithm},
  author    = {Shrikrishan Yadav and  Akhilesh Saini and  Krishna Chandra Roy},
  country   = {},
  institution={},
  abstract  = {The electromagnetic spectrum is a natural resource
and hence well-organized usage of the limited natural resources is the
necessities for better communication. The present static frequency
allocation schemes cannot accommodate demands of the rapidly
increasing number of higher data rate services. Therefore, dynamic
usage of the spectrum must be distinguished from the static usage to
increase the availability of frequency spectrum. Cognitive radio is not
a single piece of apparatus but it is a technology that can incorporate
components spread across a network. It offers great promise for
improving system efficiency, spectrum utilization, more effective
applications, reduction in interference and reduced complexity of
usage for users. Cognitive radio is aware of its environmental,
internal state, and location, and autonomously adjusts its operations
to achieve designed objectives. It first senses its spectral environment
over a wide frequency band, and then adapts the parameters to
maximize spectrum efficiency with high performance. This paper
only focuses on the analysis of Bit-Error-Rate in cognitive radio by
using Particle Swarm Optimization Algorithm. It is theoretically as
well as practically analyzed and interpreted in the sense of
advantages and drawbacks and how BER affects the efficiency and
performance of the communication system.},
    journal   = {International Journal of Electrical, Computer, Energetic, Electronic and Communication Engineering},  volume    = {6},
  number    = {8},
  year      = {2012},
  pages     = {789 - 792},
  ee        = {http://waset.org/publications/9371},
  url       = {http://waset.org/Publications?p=68},
  bibsource = {http://waset.org/Publications},
  issn      = {eISSN:1307-6892},
  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
  index     = {International Science Index 68, 2012},
}