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A Review on the Comparison of EU Countries Based on Research and Development Efficiencies
Nowadays, technological progress is one of the most important components of economic growth and the efficiency of R&D activities is particularly essential for countries. This study is an attempt to analyze the R&D efficiencies of EU countries. The indicators related to R&D efficiencies should be determined in advance in order to use DEA. For this reason a list of input and output indicators are derived from the literature review. Considering the data availability, a final list is given for the numerical analysis for future research.
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[1] Sherman, H. D., & Zhu, J. (2006). Service productivity management: Improving service performance using data envelopment analysis (DEA). Springer.
[2] Hawdon, D. (2003). Efficiency, performance and regulation of the international gas industry—a bootstrap DEA approach. Energy Policy, 31(11), 1167-1178.
[3] Vincova, K. (2005). Using DEA models to measure efficiency. BIATEC, 13(8), 24-28.
[4] Johansson, B., Lööf, H. & Savin, M. (2015) European R&D efficiency, Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 24:1-2, 140-158
[5] Thomas, V. J., Jain, S. K., & Sharma, S. (2009, October). Analyzing R&D efficiency in Asia and the OECD: An application of the Malmquist productivity index. In Science and Innovation Policy, 2009 Atlanta Conference on (pp. 1-10). IEEE.
[6] Lee, H. Y., & Park, Y. T. (2005). An international comparison of R&D efficiency: DEA approach. Asian Journal of Technology Innovation, 13(2), 207-222.
[7] Thomas, V. J., Sharma, S., & Jain, S. K. (2011). Using patents and publications to assess R&D efficiency in the states of the USA. World Patent Information, 33(1), 4-10.
[8] Roman, M. (2010). Regional efficiency of knowledge economy in the new EU countries: The Romanian and Bulgarian case.
[9] Doyle, J, Green, R (1994). Efficiency and Cross-Efficiency in DEA: Derivations, Meanings and Uses, Palgrave Macmillan Journals, 45(5), 567-578
[10] Charnes, A., Cooper, W. W., & Rhodes, E. (1978). Measuring the efficiency of decision making units. European journal of operational research, 2(6), 429-444.
[11] Alp, İ., & Sözen, A. (2014). Turkey's Performance of Energy Consumption: A Study Making a Comparison With the EU Member States. Energy Sources, Part B: Economics, Planning, and Policy, 9(1), 87-100.
[12] García-Valderrama, T., Mulero-Mendigorri, E., & Revuelta-Bordoy, D. (2009). Relating the perspectives of the balanced scorecard for R&D by means of DEA. European Journal of Operational Research, 196(3), 1177-1189.
[13] Lee, K., & Yoon, B. (2015). The idiosyncrasy of research and development efficiency across types of small and medium sized enterprises: evidence from Korea. R&D Management, 45(3), 250-266.
[14] Rousseau, S., & Rousseau, R. (1998). The scientific wealth of European nations: Taking effectiveness into account. Scientometrics, 42(1), 75-87.
[15] Aristovnik, A. (2012). The impact of ICT on educational performance and its efficiency in selected EU and OECD countries: a non-parametric analysis. Available at SSRN 2187482.
[16] Nasierowski, W., & Arcelus, F. J. (2003). On the efficiency of national innovation systems. Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, 37(3), 215-234.
[17] Hu, J. L., Yang, C. H., & Chen, C. P. (2014). R&D Efficiency and the National Innovation System: An International Comparison Using the Distance Function Approach. Bulletin of Economic Research, 66(1), 55- 71.
[18] Furman, J. L., Porter, M. E., & Stern, S. (2002). The determinants of national innovative capacity. Research policy, 31(6), 899-933.
[19] Gans, J. S., & Stern, S. (2003). The product market and the market for “ideas”: commercialization strategies for technology entrepreneurs. Research policy, 32(2), 333-350.
[20] Thomas, V. J., Jain, S. K., & Sharma, S. (2009, October). Analyzing R&D efficiency in Asia and the OECD: An application of the Malmquist productivity index. In Science and Innovation Policy, 2009 Atlanta Conference on (pp. 1-10). IEEE.
[21] Wang, E. C., & Huang, W. (2007). Relative efficiency of R&D activities: A cross-country study accounting for environmental factors in the DEA approach. Research Policy, 36(2), 260-273.
[22] Cullmann, A., Schmidt-Ehmcke, J., & Zloczysti, P. (2009). Innovation, R&D efficiency and the impact of the regulatory environment: A twostage semi-parametric DEA approach.
[23] Schmidt-Ehmcke, J., & Zloczysti, P. (2009). Research efficiency in manufacturing: An application of DEA at the industry level.
[24] Nasierowski, W., & Arcelus, F. J. (2003). On the efficiency of national innovation systems. Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, 37(3), 215-234.
[25] Wang, E. C. (2007). R&D efficiency and economic performance: A cross-country analysis using the stochastic frontier approach. Journal of Policy Modeling, 29(2), 345-360.
[26] Lee, H., Park, Y., & Choi, H. (2009). Comparative evaluation of performance of national R&D programs with heterogeneous objectives: A DEA approach. European Journal of Operational Research, 196(3), 847-855.
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