Camels are substantial providers of transport, milk, sport, meat, shelter, security and capital in many countries, particularly in Saudi Arabia. Inter simple sequence repeat technique was used to detect the genetic variations among some camel breeds (Majaheim, Safra, Wadah, and Hamara). Actual number of alleles, effective number of alleles, gene diversity, Shannon’s information index and polymorphic bands were calculated for each evaluated camel breed. Neighbor-joining tree that re-constructed for evaluated these camel breeds showed that, Hamara breed is distantly related from the other evaluated camels. In addition, the polymorphic sites, haplotypes and nucleotide diversity were identified for some camelidae cox1 gene sequences (obtained from NCBI). The distance value between C. bactrianus and C. dromedarius (0.072) was relatively low. Analysis of genetic diversity is an important way for conserving Camelus dromedarius genetic resources.
 Schmidt-Nielsen K (1979). Desert Animals, Physiological Problems of Heat and Water. New York: Dover Publications Inc.
 Uerpmann, H. P. and M. Uerpmann (2002). The appearance of the domestic camel in Saudi Arabia. J. Oman Studies 12:235-260.
 Frankham, R., Ballou J. D., and Briscoe D.A., (2002). Introduction to conservation genetics. Cambridge University.
 Mahrous Karima F., Hassan A. I. Ramadan, Sekena H. Abdel-Aziem, Mohamed Abd-El Mordy and Dalia M. Hemdan (2011). Genetic variations between camel breeds using microsatellite markers and RAPD techniques. J. Appl. Biosci. (39) 2626 – 2634.
 Mahmoud A. H., M. A. Alshaikh, R. S. Aljumaah and O. B. Mohammed (2012). Genetic variability of camel (Camelus dromedarius) breeds in Saudi Arabia based on microsatellites analysis. African Journal of Biotechnology. 11(51) 11173-11180.
 Saad Y. M., and ELShikh, Omar A. M. (2015). Analysis of molecular variations in some Sox14 gene fragments in some ray-finned fishes.Wulfenia Journal. Vol 22 (12) 80-92.
 EL Hanafy Amr A, Yasser M. Saad, Saleh A. Alkarim, Hussein A. Almehdar, Elrashdy M. Redwan (2016). Camel genetic resources conservation in Saudi Arabia via molecular markers. Wulfenia Journal.23 (11) 88-103.
 Al-Swailem AM, Al-Busadah KA, Shehata MM and Askari E, (2008). The role of parentage studies in Arabian and Bactrian camel’s pedigree verification. J. Food, Agric. Environ. 6, 280-285.
 Saad Y. M., Abu Zinadah, O. A. H., and El-Domyati, F. M. (2013). Monitoring of genetic diversity in some parrotfish species based on inter simple sequence repeat polymorphism. Life SciJ.10(4):1841-1846.
 Correa Luz A, Biol Cindy Reyes E, Biol Enrique Pardo P and Teodora Cavadia M, (2015). Genetic diversity detection of the domestic horse (Equus caballus) by genes associated with coat color. Rev. MVZ Córdoba (20)3: 4779-4789.
 Ashraf Hafiz Muhammad, Muhammad Kashif Zahoor, Shabab Nasir, Humara Naz Majeed, Sarwat Zahoor (2016). Genetic Analysis of Aedes aegypti Using Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) Markers from Dengue Outbreaks in Pakistan.J. Arthropod Borne Dis. (10):4: 546–559.
 Yeh, F. C and T. B. J. Boyle, (1997). Population genetic analysis of co-dominant and dominant markers and quantitative traits. Belgian Journal of Botany 129: 157.
 Simmons Mark P., Li-Bing Zhang, Colleen T. Webb, Kai Müller (2007). A penalty of using anonymous dominant markers (AFLPs, ISSRs, and RAPDs) for phylogenetic inference. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 42: 528–542
 Saad Y. M., AbuZinadah O. A. H., El-Domyati F. M. and Sabir J. M. (2012). Analysis of Genetic signature for some Plectropomus species based on some dominant DNA markers. LifeSci J. 9(4) 2370-2375.
 Ward Robert D.; Tyler S. Zemlak; Bronwyn H. Innes1; Peter R. Last; & Paul D. N. Hebert (2005). DNA barcoding Australia’s fish species. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B. 360:1847–1857.
 Hoffmann Irene (2010). Climate change and the characterization, breeding and conservation of animal genetic resources. Animal Genetics, 41 (Suppl. 1), 32–46.