Effects of Thread Dimensions of Functionally Graded Dental Implants on Stress Distribution
In this study, stress distributions on dental implants
made of functionally graded biomaterials (FGBM) are investigated
numerically. The implant body is considered to be subjected to axial
compression loads. Numerical problem is assumed to be 2D, and
ANSYS commercial software is used for the analysis. The cross
section of the implant thread varies as varying the height (H) and the
width (t) of the thread. According to thread dimensions of implant
and material properties of FGBM, equivalent stress distribution on
the implant is determined and presented with contour plots along
with the maximum equivalent stress values. As a result, with
increasing material gradient parameter (n), the equivalent stress
decreases, but the minimum stress distribution increases. Maximum
stress values decrease with decreasing implant radius (r). Maximum
von Mises stresses increases with decreasing H when t is constant.
On the other hand, the stress values are not affected by variation of t
in the case of H = constant.
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