Elephant Herding Optimization for Service Selection in QoS-Aware Web Service Composition
Web service composition combines available services
to provide new functionality. Given the number of available
services with similar functionalities and different non functional
aspects (QoS), the problem of finding a QoS-optimal web service
composition is considered as an optimization problem belonging to
NP-hard class. Thus, an optimal solution cannot be found by exact
algorithms within a reasonable time. In this paper, a meta-heuristic
bio-inspired is presented to address the QoS aware web service
composition; it is based on Elephant Herding Optimization (EHO)
algorithm, which is inspired by the herding behavior of elephant
group. EHO is characterized by a process of dividing and combining
the population to sub populations (clan); this process allows the
exchange of information between local searches to move toward
a global optimum. However, with Applying others evolutionary
algorithms the problem of early stagnancy in a local optimum
cannot be avoided. Compared with PSO, the results of experimental
evaluation show that our proposition significantly outperforms the
existing algorithm with better performance of the fitness value and a
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