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Entrepreneurs’ Perceptions of the Economic, Social and Physical Impacts of Tourism
The objective of this study is to determine how entrepreneurs perceive the economic, social and physical impacts of tourism. The study was conducted in the city of Afyonkarahisar, Turkey, which is rich in thermal tourism resources and investments. A survey was used as the data collection method, and the questionnaire was applied to 472 entrepreneurs. A simple random sampling method was used to identify the sample. Independent sampling t-tests and ANOVA tests were used to analyse the data obtained. Additionally, some statistically significant differences (p<0.05) were found based on the participants’ demographic characteristics regarding their opinions about the social, economic and physical impacts of tourism activities.
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[1] B. Seetanah, “Assessing the Dynamic Economic Impact of Tourism for Island Economies,” Annals of Tourism Research, Vol. 38, No. 1, 2011, pp. 291-308.
[2] R. Nunkoo, “Tourism development and trust in local government,” Tourism Management (46), 2015, pp. 623-634.
[3] UNWTO. United Nations Environment Programme and World Tourism Organization, Tourism in the Green Economy-Background Report, Madrid. (Access Date: 18.08.2015, 11:23 AM). 2012
[4] A. Selby, L. Petäjistö, and M. Huhtala, “The realisation of tourism business opportunities adjacent to three national parks in southern Finland: entrepreneurs and local decision-makers matter,” Forest Policy and Economics Volume 13 (6), 2011, pp.446-455.
[5] R. Hallak, G. Brown, and J. N. Lindsay, “The Place Identity-Performance Relationship among Tourism Entrepreneurs: A Structural Equation Modelling Analysis, Tourism Management, 33(1), 2011, pp. 143-154.
[6] D. Stylidis, A. Biran, J. Sit, and, E. M. Szivas, “Residents' Support for Tourism Development: The Role of Residents',” Tourism Management (45), 2015, pp. 260-274.
[7] S. A. Ahmed, “Perceptions of socio-economic and cultural impact of tourism in Sri-Lanca: A research study,” Marga Quarterly Journal, 8 (4), 1987, pp. 34-63.
[8] P. Tsartas, “Socioeconomic Impacts of Tourism on Two Greek Isles”, Annals of Tourism Research, 19(3), 1992, pp. 516-533
[9] P. Brunt, and P. Courtney, “Host Perceptions of Sociocultural Impacts”, Annals of Tourism Research, 26 (3), 1999, pp. 493-515.
[10] B. A. Carmichael, “A Matrix Model for Resident Attitudes and Behaviours in a Rapidly Changing Tourist Area,” Tourism Management, 21(6), 2000, pp. 601-611.
[11] T. Davies, and S. Cahill, “Environmental Implications of the Tourism Industry. Discussion Paper”, Environmental Implications Tourism Industry 2000.pdf. (Access Date: 18.08.2015, 15:43). 2000.
[12] U. Çalışkan, and Ö. Tütüncü, “Turizmin Yerel Halk Üzerindeki Etkileri ve Kuşadası İlçesi Uygulaması”, IV. Lisansüstü Turizm Öğrencileri Araştırma Kongresi: 23–27 Nisan 2008. Belek, Antalya, Turkey, 2008, pp. 127-148.
[13] N. Gümüş, and S. Özüpekçe, “Foça’da Turizmin Ekonomik, Sosyal, Kültürel ve Çevresel Etkilerine Yönelik Yerel Halkın Görüşleri,” İnsan Bilimleri Dergisi, 6(2), 2009, pp. 398-414.
[14] L. S. Lohr, “Sampling: Design and Analysis. Sec. Edition. Boston:rooks/Cole, 2010.
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