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10006402
Evaluation of Urban Land Development Direction in Kabul City, Afghanistan
Abstract:
Kabul, the capital and largest city in Afghanistan has been experiencing a massive population expansion and fast economic development in last decade, in which urban land has increasingly expanded and formed a high informal development territory in the city. This paper investigates the urban land development direction based on the integrated urbanization trends in Kabul city since the last and the fastest ever urban land growth period (1999-2008), which is parallel with the establishment of the new government in Afghanistan. Considering the existing challenges in terms of informal settlements, squatter settlements, the population expansion of the city, and fast economic development, as well as the huge influx of returning refugees from neighboring countries, and the sprawl direction of urbanization of the Kabul city urban fringes, this research focuses on the possible urban land development direction and trends for the city. The paper studies the feasible future land development direction of Kabul city in the northern part called Shamali basin, in which district 17 is the gateway for future development. The area has much developable area including eight districts of Kabul province, and the vast area of Parwan and Kapisa provinces. The northern area of the Kabul city generally has favorable conditions for further urbanization from the city. It is a large and relatively flat area of area in the northern part of Kabul city, with ample water resources available from the Panjshir basin as a base principle of land development direction in the area.

References:

[1] “World fastest growing cities and urban areas from 2006 to 2020”, (Accessed in July 2016), city Mayors. http://www.citymayors.com/ statistics/urban_ growth1.html.
[2] Ahmad Sharif Ahmadi and Yoshitaka Kajita, October 2016, Evaluating Urban Land Expansion Using Geographic Information System and Remote Sensing in Kabul City, Afghanistan.
[3] The Study for the Development of the Master Plan for the Kabul Metropolitan Area in the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan: Final Report, RECS International, 2009.
[4] The Study for the Development of the Master Plan for the Kabul Metropolitan Area in the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, Demography and Social Development, September 2009, RECS International Inc.
[5] World Bank, January 2016, Kabul urban policy notes series N.1.
[6] Urban Land Use Planning, Philip R. Berke, David R. Godschalk, and Edward J. Kaiser, with Daniel A. Rodriguez, (2006), pp. 130-131, pp. 316-321.
[7] Basudeb Bhatta, 2010, Analysis of urban growth and sprawl from remote sensing data, pp. 59-65
[8] The Study for the Development of the Master Plan for the Kabul Metropolitan Area in the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, Land Use Planning and GIS, September 2009, RECS International Inc.
[9] World Bank, January 2016, Kabul urban policy notes series N.3.
[10] Central Statistic organization in Afghanistan, (Accessed in November 2016), http://cso.gov.af/en/page/demography-and-socile-statistics/ demograph-statistics/3897111.
[11] Kamla-Raj 2007, J. Hum. Ecol., 22(3): 221-226 (2007), the Pattern, Direction and Factors Responsible for Urban Growth in a Developing African City: A Case Study of Ogbomoso.
[12] Capital Region Independent Development Authority (CRIDA), October 2016, http://www.crida.gov.af/.
[13] Central Statistic Organization (CSO) in Afghanistan, October 2016, http://www.cso.gov.af/en.
[14] Kabul Municipality (KM), September 2016, http://km.gov.af/en.
[15] United States Geological Survey (USGS), https://earthexplorer. usgs.gov/.
[16] Esri online base map satellite imagery, October 2016, http://www.esri.com/data/imagery.
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