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Commenced in January 2007 Frequency: Monthly Edition: International Publications Count: 29130

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Fully Printed Strain Gauges: A Comparison of Aerosoljet-Printing and Micropipette-Dispensing
Strain sensors based on a change in resistance are well established for the measurement of forces, stresses, or material fatigue. Within the scope of this paper, fully additive manufactured strain sensors were produced using an ink of silver nanoparticles. Their behavior was evaluated by periodic tensile tests. Printed strain sensors exhibit two advantages: Their measuring grid is adaptable to the use case and they do not need a carrier-foil, as the measuring structure can be printed directly onto a thin sprayed varnish layer on the aluminum specimen. In order to compare quality characteristics, the sensors have been manufactured using two different technologies, namely aerosoljet-printing and micropipette-dispensing. Both processes produce structures which exhibit continuous features (in contrast to what can be achieved with droplets during inkjet printing). Briefly summarized the results show that aerosoljet-printing is the preferable technology for specimen with non-planar surfaces whereas both technologies are suitable for flat specimen.
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[1] A. M. Allanurov and A. Ye. Zdrok and A. G. Loschilov and N. D. Malyutin Problem of ink evaporation while using plotter systems to manufacture printed electronic products, Procedia Technology, Vol. 18, Pages 19–24, Elsevier, 2014.
[2] Norm DIN 50125 Testing of metallic materials - Tensile test pieces, December 2016, Deutsches Institut fuer Normung e.V., Beuth Verlag.
[3] F. L. Hammond and M. J. Smith and R. J. Wood Estimating surgical needle deflection with printed strain gauges, Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC), 2014 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE, Vol. 54, No. 2, Pages 6931–6936, IEEE, 2014.
[4] O. Kravchuk and M. Reichenberger Properties and long-term behavior of nanoparticle based inkjet printed strain gauges, Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, Vol. 27, No. 10, Pages 10934–10940, Springer, 2016.
[5] B. J. Larson and S. D. Gillmor and M. G. Lagally Controlled deposition of picoliter amounts of fluid using an ultrasonically driven micropipette, Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 75, No. 4, Pages 832–836, AIP, 2004.
[6] M. Maiwald and C. Werner and V. Zoellmer and M. Busse INKtelligent printed strain gauges, Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, Vol. 162, No. 2, Pages 198–201, Elsevier, 2010.
[7] B. Polzinger and J. Keck and V. Matic and W. Eberhardt Inkjet and Aerosol Jet Printed Sensors on 2D and 3D Substrates, Proceedings of the AMA Conferences, 2015.
[8] T. Seifert and E. Sowade and F. Roscher and M. Wiemer and Th. Gessner and R. R. Baumann Additive manufacturing technologies compared: morphology of deposits of silver ink using inkjet and aerosol jet printing, Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, Vol. 54, No. 2, Pages 769–779, ACS Publications, 2015.
[9] M. Smith and Y. S. Choi and C. Boughey and S. Kar-Narayan Controlling and assessing the quality of aerosol jet printed features for large area and flexible electronics, Flexible and Printed Electronics, Vol. 2, No. 1, IOP Publishing, 2017.
[10] V. Zoellmer, and E. P´al and M. Maiwald and Ch. Werner and D. Godlinski and D. Lehmhus and I. Wirth and M. Busse Functional materials for printed sensor structures, Proceedings of the 1st Joint International Symposium on System-Integrated Intelligence, No. 1, 2012.

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