Excellence in Research and Innovation for Humanity

International Science Index


Select areas to restrict search in scientific publication database:
10004084
Growth Performance and Blood Characteristics of Broilers Chicken Fed on Diet Containing Brewer Spent Grain at Finisher Phase
Abstract:
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of brewer spent grain (BSG) on growth performance and serum biochemistry characteristics of blood of broilers chickens. Three hundred and fifteen (4 weeks old) Oba – Marshall Broilers were used for the experiment. Five experimental diets were formulated with diet 1 (T1) containing 100% soya bean meal as the control, Diet 2, 3, 4 and 5 had BSG as replacement for soya bean meal at 0%, 36%, 57%, 76% and 100% respectively. The birds were allocated into each dietary group in a completely randomized design with 63 chicks in 3 replicates of 21 chicks each. The birds were offered these diets ad libitum from four weeks old to nine weeks old (35 days). Feed intake, body weight, weight gain, and feed conversion ratio (FCR) were assessed. Blood samples were also collected to examine the effect of BSG waste on hematology and serum biochemistry of broilers. Result indicated that BSG did not significantly (P>0.05) affect feed intake and weight gain. However, FCR and final weight of finishing broilers differs significantly (P<0.05) among treatments. The blood hematology and serum biochemistry indices did not follow a particular trend. Cholesterol concentration reduced with increasing level of BSG in the diet. Hb, RBC, WBC, neutrophils, lymphocytes, heterophiles and MCHC were significant (P<0.05) while MHC and MVC were not significantly (P>0.05) affected by BSG in diets. serum total protein, albumin, and cholesterol concentration also showed significance (P<0.05) difference. Thus, BSG can replace soya bean meal up to 14% in the broiler finisher diet without deleterious effect on the growth, hematology and the serum biochemistry of broiler chicken.
Digital Article Identifier (DAI):

References:

[1] Olomu, J. M. Monogastric Animal Nutrition: Principles and Practices, Jachen Publication, 1995, pp. 68-125
[2] Ayanrinde, O. J., A. O. Owosibo, A. A. Adeyemo, Motasim Ali Mokhtar Omer, Osman Mohammed Farah, Sayed Mohammed Ali, Akhilesh Mishra et al. "Performance Characteristics of Broilers Fed Bread Waste Based Diets." International Journal of Modern Plant and Animal Sciences 2, no. 1.2014: 1-11.
[3] Ademola, S. G., Farinu, G. O., Obe, A. A., & Babatunde, G. M. Growth, haematological and biochemical studies on garlic-and ginger-fed broiler chickens. Moor Journal of Agricultural Research, 2006, 5(2), 122-128.
[4] Mussatto, S. I., Dragone, G., & Roberto, I. C. Brewers' spent grain: generation, characteristics and potential applications. Journal of Cereal Science, 2006.43(1), 1-14.
[5] Ademosun, A.A. Evaluation of Brewer’s dried grains in the diets of growing chickens. Br. Poult. Sci., 1973, 14: 463-468
[6] Aderolu, A. Z., E. A. Iyayi, and A. A. Onilude. "Performance, organ relative weight, serum and haematology parameters in broiler finisher fed biodegraded brewers dried grain." Pakistan Journal of Nutrition 6, no. 3.2007: 204-208
[7] Jain, N.C., 1986. Schalm’s Veterinary Haematology 4th ed. Lea and Febiger, Philadelphia S. P. Bingulac, “On the compatibility of adaptive controllers (Published Conference Proceedings style),” in Proc. 4th Annu. Allerton Conf. Circuits and Systems Theory, New York, 1994, pp. 8–16.
[8] Peters, T., E.T. Biamonte and B.T. Doumas. Protein (Total protein) in serum, urine and cerebrospinal fluid; albumin in serum. 1984. In W.R. Faulkner and S. Meites, (ed.). Selected Methods in Clinical Chemistry, Vol.9.American Association of Clinical Chemistry. Washington, DC, USA. 682 pp.
[9] Bonsnes, R.W. and H.H.J. Taussky. Determination of creatinine in plasma and urine. J. Biochem. 1945.58: 581–589.
[10] Coles, E.H. X. Veterinary Clinical Pathology of Domestic Animals. 4th ed. W.B. Sanders Company, Philadelphia, PA, USA. 338 pp.
[11] Allain, C.C., L.S. Poon, W.R. Chan and P.C. Fu. 1974. Enzymatic determination of total serum cholesterol. Clin. Chem.20: 470–475.
[12] Silva, F. and C.A.V. Azevedo. A new version of the Assistat-Statistical Assistant Software: In World Congress on Computers in Agriculture, OrlandoFL-USA: Anais…. Orlando American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engieers, 2015, pp.393-396.
[13] Celus, I., B. Kristof and A.D. Jan, 2006. The effects of malting and mashing on barley protein extractability. J. Cereal Sci., 44: 203-211.
[14] Svihus, B., H. Hetland, M. Choct, and F. Sundby. Passage rate through the anterior tract of broiler chickens fed on diets with ground and whole wheat. Br. Poult. Science (2002). 43:662–668
[15] Hetland, H. J., B. svihus, and M. Choct. Role of insoluble fiber on gizzard activity in layers. J. appl. Poult. Res. 2005, 14:38–46.
[16] Amerah, A. M., Ravindran, V., & Lentle, R. G. Influence of insoluble fibre and whole wheat inclusion on the performance, digestive tract development and ileal microbiota profile of broiler chickens. British poultry science, 2009, 50(3), 366-375.
[17] Mateos, G. G., E. Jiménez-Moreno, M. P. Serrano, and R. P. Lázaro. "Poultry response to high levels of dietary fiber sources varying in physical and chemical characteristics." The Journal of Applied Poultry Research 21, no. 1.2012: 156-174.
[18] Jørgensen, H., Zhao, X. Q., Knudsen, K. E. B., & Eggum, B. O. The influence of dietary fibre source and level on the development of the gastrointestinal tract, digestibility and energy metabolism in broiler chickens. British Journal of Nutrition, 1996. 75(03), 379-395.
[19] Sklan D., Smirnov A., & Plavnik I. The effect of dietary fiber on the small intestines and apparent digestion in the turkey. Br. Poult. Sci. 2003, 44, pp 735–740
[20] Odunsi, A. A., G. O. Farinu, and J. O. Akinola. "Influence of dietary wild sunflower (Tithonia diversifolia (Hemsl.) A. Gray) leaf meal on layers' performance and egg quality." Nigerian Journal of animal production 23, no. 1 1996: 28-32.
[21] Jiménez-Moreno E., González-Alvarado J. M., González Serrano A., Lázaro R., Mateos G. G. Effect of dietary fiber and fat on performance and digestive traits of broilers from one to twenty-one days of age. Poult. Sci .2009, 88:2562–2574.
[22] Omitoyin, B.O. 2006. Haematological changes in the blood of Clarias gariepinus (Burchell 1822) juveniles fed poultry litter. Livestock Research for Rural Development. 2006. Volume 18, Article No. 162
[23] Talebi, A., S. Asri-Rezaei, R. Rozeh-Chai, & R. Sahraei. "Comparative studies on haematological values of broiler strains (Ross, Cobb, Arbor-acres and Arian)." Int. J. Poult. Sci 4, no. 80 .2005: 573-579.
[24] Kokosharov, T. & T. Todorova. Changes in the iron content, erythrocytes and hemoglobin in the blood of poultry with acute experimental fowl typhoid. Vet. Med. Nauki, 1987, 24: 70-74.
[25] Rainza-Paiva, M.J.T., Ishikawa, C.M., Felizardo, N.N. 2000 Haematological analysis of ‘chara’ Pseudoplatystoma fasciatum in captivity. Aqua 2000. Responsible aquaculture in the new millennium. Nice, France May 2-6, 2000. European Aquaculture Soc. Special Pub. 28: 590.
[26] Udoyong, A.O., A. Kibon, S.M. Yakubu, B. Yakubu C. Augustine & L. Isaac. Haematological response and serum biochemistry of broiler chicken fed graded levels of enzyme (Maxigrain) supplemented cassava a peel meal (CPM) based diets. Global J. Biotech. Biochem, 2010, 5(2): pp.116-119.
[27] Bowes VA, Julian RJ, Stirtzinger T. Comparison of serum biochemical profiles of male broilers with female broilers and White Leghorn chickens. Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research. 1989; 53 (1):7-11.
[28] Brown, L., Rosner, B., Willett, W. W., & Sacks, F. M. Cholesterol-lowering effects of dietary fiber: a meta-analysis. The American journal of clinical nutrition, 1999. 69(1), 30-42.
[29] Busher JT. Serum Albumin and Globulin. In: Walker HK, Hall WD, Hurst JW, editors. Clinical Methods: The History, Physical, and Laboratory Examinations. 3rd edition. Boston: Butterworths; 1990. Chapter 101. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK204/
[30] Gbore, F. A., & Akele, O. (2010). Growth performance, haematology and serum biochemistry of female rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) fed dietary fumonisin. Veterinarski Arhiv, (80), 431-443.
Vol:11 No:11 2017Vol:11 No:10 2017Vol:11 No:09 2017Vol:11 No:08 2017Vol:11 No:07 2017Vol:11 No:06 2017Vol:11 No:05 2017Vol:11 No:04 2017Vol:11 No:03 2017Vol:11 No:02 2017Vol:11 No:01 2017
Vol:10 No:12 2016Vol:10 No:11 2016Vol:10 No:10 2016Vol:10 No:09 2016Vol:10 No:08 2016Vol:10 No:07 2016Vol:10 No:06 2016Vol:10 No:05 2016Vol:10 No:04 2016Vol:10 No:03 2016Vol:10 No:02 2016Vol:10 No:01 2016
Vol:9 No:12 2015Vol:9 No:11 2015Vol:9 No:10 2015Vol:9 No:09 2015Vol:9 No:08 2015Vol:9 No:07 2015Vol:9 No:06 2015Vol:9 No:05 2015Vol:9 No:04 2015Vol:9 No:03 2015Vol:9 No:02 2015Vol:9 No:01 2015
Vol:8 No:12 2014Vol:8 No:11 2014Vol:8 No:10 2014Vol:8 No:09 2014Vol:8 No:08 2014Vol:8 No:07 2014Vol:8 No:06 2014Vol:8 No:05 2014Vol:8 No:04 2014Vol:8 No:03 2014Vol:8 No:02 2014Vol:8 No:01 2014
Vol:7 No:12 2013Vol:7 No:11 2013Vol:7 No:10 2013Vol:7 No:09 2013Vol:7 No:08 2013Vol:7 No:07 2013Vol:7 No:06 2013Vol:7 No:05 2013Vol:7 No:04 2013Vol:7 No:03 2013Vol:7 No:02 2013Vol:7 No:01 2013
Vol:6 No:12 2012Vol:6 No:11 2012Vol:6 No:10 2012Vol:6 No:09 2012Vol:6 No:08 2012Vol:6 No:07 2012Vol:6 No:06 2012Vol:6 No:05 2012Vol:6 No:04 2012Vol:6 No:03 2012Vol:6 No:02 2012Vol:6 No:01 2012
Vol:5 No:12 2011Vol:5 No:11 2011Vol:5 No:10 2011Vol:5 No:09 2011Vol:5 No:08 2011Vol:5 No:07 2011Vol:5 No:06 2011Vol:5 No:05 2011Vol:5 No:04 2011Vol:5 No:03 2011Vol:5 No:02 2011Vol:5 No:01 2011
Vol:4 No:12 2010Vol:4 No:11 2010Vol:4 No:10 2010Vol:4 No:09 2010Vol:4 No:08 2010Vol:4 No:07 2010Vol:4 No:06 2010Vol:4 No:05 2010Vol:4 No:04 2010Vol:4 No:03 2010Vol:4 No:02 2010Vol:4 No:01 2010
Vol:3 No:12 2009Vol:3 No:11 2009Vol:3 No:10 2009Vol:3 No:09 2009Vol:3 No:08 2009Vol:3 No:07 2009Vol:3 No:06 2009Vol:3 No:05 2009Vol:3 No:04 2009Vol:3 No:03 2009Vol:3 No:02 2009Vol:3 No:01 2009
Vol:2 No:12 2008Vol:2 No:11 2008Vol:2 No:10 2008Vol:2 No:09 2008Vol:2 No:08 2008Vol:2 No:07 2008Vol:2 No:06 2008Vol:2 No:05 2008Vol:2 No:04 2008Vol:2 No:03 2008Vol:2 No:02 2008Vol:2 No:01 2008
Vol:1 No:12 2007Vol:1 No:11 2007Vol:1 No:10 2007Vol:1 No:09 2007Vol:1 No:08 2007Vol:1 No:07 2007Vol:1 No:06 2007Vol:1 No:05 2007Vol:1 No:04 2007Vol:1 No:03 2007Vol:1 No:02 2007Vol:1 No:01 2007