Excellence in Research and Innovation for Humanity

International Science Index


Select areas to restrict search in scientific publication database:
10007460
Hacking's 'Between Goffman and Foucault': A Theoretical Frame for Criminology
Abstract:
This paper aims to analyse how Ian Hacking states the theoretical basis of his research on the classification of people. Although all his early philosophical education had been based in Foucault, it is also true that Erving Goffman’s perspective provided him with epistemological and methodological tools for understanding face-to-face relationships. Hence, all his works must be thought of as social science texts that combine the research on how the individuals are constituted ‘top-down’ (as in Foucault), with the inquiry into how people renegotiate ‘bottom-up’ the classifications about them. Thus, Hacking´s proposal constitutes a middle ground between the French Philosopher and the American Sociologist. Placing himself between both authors allows Hacking to build a frame that is expected to adjust to Social Sciences’ main particularity: the fact that they study interactive kinds. These are kinds of people, which imply that those who are classified can change in certain ways that prompt the need for changing previous classifications themselves. It is all about the interaction between the labelling of people and the people who are classified. Consequently, understanding the way in which Hacking uses Foucault’s and Goffman’s theories is essential to fully comprehend the social dynamic between individuals and concepts, what Bert Hansen had called dialectical realism. His theoretical proposal, therefore, is not only valuable because it combines diverse perspectives, but also because it constitutes an utterly original and relevant framework for Sociological theory and particularly for Criminology.
Digital Article Identifier (DAI):

References:

[1] Becker, H. (1963) Outsiders: Studies in the Sociology of Deviace, New York: The Free Press.
[2] Foucault, M (1961) Folie et déraison: Historie de la folie à l’âge classique, Paris: Plon; reprinted with two supplements as Historie de la folie à l’âge classique, Paris: Gallimard, 1972; translation of major parts by Richard Howard, Madness and Civilization: A History of Insanity in the Age of Reason, London: Tavistock, 1965.
[3] Foucault, M (1969) L’Archéologie du savoir, Paris: Éditions Gallimard; The Archaeology of Knowledge, with The Discourse on Language, London: Tavistock, 1972.
[4] Foucault, M (1972) Naissance de la clinique: Une archéologie du regard médical, Paris: Presses Universitaires de France; The Birth of the Clinic: An Archaeology of Medical Perception, London: Tavistock, 1973.
[5] Foucault, M (1975) Surveillir et Punir, Paris: Éditions Gallimard; Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Penitentiary, London: Tavistock, 1977.
[6] Goffman, Erving (1956) The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life, Edinburgh: University of Edinburgh Social Sciences Centre, Monograph no. 2; revised edn, Garden City, NY: Doubleday; London: Allen Lane, 1959.
[7] Goffman, Erving (1961) Asylums: Essay on the Social Situation of Mental Patients and Other Inmates, Garden City, NY: Doubleday. Page references to republication, Harmondsworth, Mx: Penguin, 1991.
[8] Goffman, Erving (1963) Stigma: Notes on the Social Management of Spoiled Identity, Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
[9] Hacking, I, “Between Michel Foucault y Erving Goffman: between discourse in the abstract and face-to-face interaction” In. Economy and Society, Volume 33, Number 3, Collège de France, August 2004: 277-302.
[10] Hacking, I, Mad Travelers: Reflections on the Reality of Mental Illness, Charlottesville, VA: University Press of Virginia; Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2002.
[11] Hacking, I, Rewriting the Soul: Multiple Personality and the Sciences of Memory, Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press, 1995ª
[12] Hacking, I ‘The looping effects of human kinds’, in D. Sperber, D. Premack and A. Premack (eds) Causal Cognition: An Interdisciplinary Approach, Oxford: Oxford University Press, (1995b), pp. 351–83.
[13] Hacking, I ‘Criminal behaviour, degeneracy and looping’, in David T.Wasserman and R. T. Wachbroit (eds) Genetics and Criminal Behavior, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001b, pp. 141–67.
[14] Hacking, I (1999) The Social Construction of What? Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
[15] Martinez, M. L..”El realismo científico de Ian Hacking: de los electrones a las enfermedades transitorias” In Redes, Vol. 11, 22, Buenos Aires, 2005.
[16] Martinez, M. L. “Ontología Histórica y Nominalismo Dinámico: La propuesta de Ian Hacking para las ciencias humanas” In Cinta Moebio, 39, Santiago, 2010.
[17] Martini, M. “La dimensión performativa de las clasificaciones en las ciencias sociales” En Entramados y Perspectivas, 4(4), Buenos Aires, 2014.
[18] Sartre, Jean Paul (1956) Being and Nothingness, trans. Hazel E. Barnes, London: Methuen.
[19] Tannenbaum, Frank, Crime and the Community, New York, Ginn, 1938.
Vol:12 No:09 2018Vol:12 No:08 2018Vol:12 No:07 2018Vol:12 No:06 2018Vol:12 No:05 2018Vol:12 No:04 2018Vol:12 No:03 2018Vol:12 No:02 2018Vol:12 No:01 2018
Vol:11 No:12 2017Vol:11 No:11 2017Vol:11 No:10 2017Vol:11 No:09 2017Vol:11 No:08 2017Vol:11 No:07 2017Vol:11 No:06 2017Vol:11 No:05 2017Vol:11 No:04 2017Vol:11 No:03 2017Vol:11 No:02 2017Vol:11 No:01 2017
Vol:10 No:12 2016Vol:10 No:11 2016Vol:10 No:10 2016Vol:10 No:09 2016Vol:10 No:08 2016Vol:10 No:07 2016Vol:10 No:06 2016Vol:10 No:05 2016Vol:10 No:04 2016Vol:10 No:03 2016Vol:10 No:02 2016Vol:10 No:01 2016
Vol:9 No:12 2015Vol:9 No:11 2015Vol:9 No:10 2015Vol:9 No:09 2015Vol:9 No:08 2015Vol:9 No:07 2015Vol:9 No:06 2015Vol:9 No:05 2015Vol:9 No:04 2015Vol:9 No:03 2015Vol:9 No:02 2015Vol:9 No:01 2015
Vol:8 No:12 2014Vol:8 No:11 2014Vol:8 No:10 2014Vol:8 No:09 2014Vol:8 No:08 2014Vol:8 No:07 2014Vol:8 No:06 2014Vol:8 No:05 2014Vol:8 No:04 2014Vol:8 No:03 2014Vol:8 No:02 2014Vol:8 No:01 2014
Vol:7 No:12 2013Vol:7 No:11 2013Vol:7 No:10 2013Vol:7 No:09 2013Vol:7 No:08 2013Vol:7 No:07 2013Vol:7 No:06 2013Vol:7 No:05 2013Vol:7 No:04 2013Vol:7 No:03 2013Vol:7 No:02 2013Vol:7 No:01 2013
Vol:6 No:12 2012Vol:6 No:11 2012Vol:6 No:10 2012Vol:6 No:09 2012Vol:6 No:08 2012Vol:6 No:07 2012Vol:6 No:06 2012Vol:6 No:05 2012Vol:6 No:04 2012Vol:6 No:03 2012Vol:6 No:02 2012Vol:6 No:01 2012
Vol:5 No:12 2011Vol:5 No:11 2011Vol:5 No:10 2011Vol:5 No:09 2011Vol:5 No:08 2011Vol:5 No:07 2011Vol:5 No:06 2011Vol:5 No:05 2011Vol:5 No:04 2011Vol:5 No:03 2011Vol:5 No:02 2011Vol:5 No:01 2011
Vol:4 No:12 2010Vol:4 No:11 2010Vol:4 No:10 2010Vol:4 No:09 2010Vol:4 No:08 2010Vol:4 No:07 2010Vol:4 No:06 2010Vol:4 No:05 2010Vol:4 No:04 2010Vol:4 No:03 2010Vol:4 No:02 2010Vol:4 No:01 2010
Vol:3 No:12 2009Vol:3 No:11 2009Vol:3 No:10 2009Vol:3 No:09 2009Vol:3 No:08 2009Vol:3 No:07 2009Vol:3 No:06 2009Vol:3 No:05 2009Vol:3 No:04 2009Vol:3 No:03 2009Vol:3 No:02 2009Vol:3 No:01 2009
Vol:2 No:12 2008Vol:2 No:11 2008Vol:2 No:10 2008Vol:2 No:09 2008Vol:2 No:08 2008Vol:2 No:07 2008Vol:2 No:06 2008Vol:2 No:05 2008Vol:2 No:04 2008Vol:2 No:03 2008Vol:2 No:02 2008Vol:2 No:01 2008
Vol:1 No:12 2007Vol:1 No:11 2007Vol:1 No:10 2007Vol:1 No:09 2007Vol:1 No:08 2007Vol:1 No:07 2007Vol:1 No:06 2007Vol:1 No:05 2007Vol:1 No:04 2007Vol:1 No:03 2007Vol:1 No:02 2007Vol:1 No:01 2007