Excellence in Research and Innovation for Humanity

International Science Index


Select areas to restrict search in scientific publication database:
10001787
Histopathological Changes in Liver and Muscle of Tilapia Fish from QIRE Exposed to Concentrations of Heavy Metals
Abstract:
Toxicity of copper (Cu), lead (Pb) and iron (Fe) to Tilapia guinensis was carried out for 4 days with a view to determining their effects on the liver and muscle tissues. Tilapia guinensis samples of about 10 - 14cm length and 0.2 – 0.4kg weight each were obtained from University of Calabar fish ponds and acclimated for three (3) days before the experimental set up. Survivors after the 96-hr LC50 test period were selected from test solutions of the heavy metals for the histopathological studies. Histological preparations of liver and muscle tissues were randomly examined for histopathological lesions. Results of the histological examinations showed gross abnormalities in the liver tissues due to pathological and degenerative changes compared to liver and muscle tissues from control samples (tilapia fishes from aquaria without heavy metals). Extensive hepatocyte necrosis with chronic inflammatory changes was observed in the liver of fishes exposed to Cu solution. Similar but less damaging effects were observed in the liver of fishes exposed to Pb and Fe. The extent of lesion observed was therefore heavy metal-related. However, no pathologic changes occurred in the muscle tissues.
Digital Article Identifier (DAI):

References:

[1] J. C. Reis. Coping with the waste stream from Drilling for oil. Proceedings, Ecoworld’92 Conference, June, 14-17 in Washington D. C., 1992
[2] G. B. Sangalang, H. C. Freeman and R. Crowell. Testicular abnormalties in cod (Gadus morhua) fed arochlor 1254. Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. Vol. 10, Pp. 617 – 626, 1981.
[3] J. M. Nwaedozie. The determination of heavy metal pollutants in fish samples from river Kaduna. J. Chem. Soc. Nigeria, 23, 21-23, 1998.
[4] K. Koponen, M. S. Myers, O. Ritola, S. E. Huuskonen & P. Lindströmseppä. Histopathology of feral fish from a PCB-contaminated freshwater lake. Ambio, 30, 122 – 126, 2001.
[5] I. R. Udotong and J. I. R. Udotong. Health Risk Assessment in the Oil and Gas industries in Nigeria. In: Environmental Pollution and Management in the Tropics (E. N. Adinna, O. B. Ekop, and V. I. Attah; Eds.) SNAAP Press Ltd, Enugu, Nigeria, 205-229, 2003.
[6] O. U. Eka and I. R. Udotong. A case study of effects of Incessant Oil Spills from Mobil producing Nigeria Unlimited on Human Health in Akwa Ibom State. In: Environmental Pollution and Management in the Tropics (E. N. Adinna, O. B. Ekop, and V. I. Attah; Eds.) SNAAP Press Ltd, Enugu, Nigeria, 205-229, 2003.
[7] J. I. R. Udotong. Bioaccumulation and biotoxicity of heavy metals, polychlorinated biphenyls andhydrocarbons in tilapia, periwinkle and oysters from Qua Iboe River estuary. Ph. D thesis, University of calabar, Calabar, Nigeria, P. 95, 2004.
[8] M. Ahsannulah. Acute toxicity of Zinc and Cadmium to seven invertebrate species from Western Port, Victoria. Aust. J. Mar. Fresh wat. Res., 27, 187 –196, 1976.
[9] J. B. Spraque. The ABC’s of pollutant bioassay using fish. In: Biological methods for the assessment of water quality. ASTM Special Technical Publication, 528, .6–30, 1973.
[10] K. A. Ochei. Medical laboratory Science: Theory and Practice; 9th, Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited. Pp. 396¬-482, 2008.
[11] J. Schwaiger, R. Wanke, S. Adam, M. Pawert, W. Honnen and R. Triebskorn. The Use of histopathological indicators to evaluate contaminated – related stress in fish. J. Aquat. Ecosystem. Stress Recov. Vol. 6, Pp. 75 – 86, 1997.
[12] D. J. Ferner. Toxicity, Heavy metals. eMed. J. 2(5), 2001.
Vol:12 No:10 2018Vol:12 No:09 2018Vol:12 No:08 2018Vol:12 No:07 2018Vol:12 No:06 2018Vol:12 No:05 2018Vol:12 No:04 2018Vol:12 No:03 2018Vol:12 No:02 2018Vol:12 No:01 2018
Vol:11 No:12 2017Vol:11 No:11 2017Vol:11 No:10 2017Vol:11 No:09 2017Vol:11 No:08 2017Vol:11 No:07 2017Vol:11 No:06 2017Vol:11 No:05 2017Vol:11 No:04 2017Vol:11 No:03 2017Vol:11 No:02 2017Vol:11 No:01 2017
Vol:10 No:12 2016Vol:10 No:11 2016Vol:10 No:10 2016Vol:10 No:09 2016Vol:10 No:08 2016Vol:10 No:07 2016Vol:10 No:06 2016Vol:10 No:05 2016Vol:10 No:04 2016Vol:10 No:03 2016Vol:10 No:02 2016Vol:10 No:01 2016
Vol:9 No:12 2015Vol:9 No:11 2015Vol:9 No:10 2015Vol:9 No:09 2015Vol:9 No:08 2015Vol:9 No:07 2015Vol:9 No:06 2015Vol:9 No:05 2015Vol:9 No:04 2015Vol:9 No:03 2015Vol:9 No:02 2015Vol:9 No:01 2015
Vol:8 No:12 2014Vol:8 No:11 2014Vol:8 No:10 2014Vol:8 No:09 2014Vol:8 No:08 2014Vol:8 No:07 2014Vol:8 No:06 2014Vol:8 No:05 2014Vol:8 No:04 2014Vol:8 No:03 2014Vol:8 No:02 2014Vol:8 No:01 2014
Vol:7 No:12 2013Vol:7 No:11 2013Vol:7 No:10 2013Vol:7 No:09 2013Vol:7 No:08 2013Vol:7 No:07 2013Vol:7 No:06 2013Vol:7 No:05 2013Vol:7 No:04 2013Vol:7 No:03 2013Vol:7 No:02 2013Vol:7 No:01 2013
Vol:6 No:12 2012Vol:6 No:11 2012Vol:6 No:10 2012Vol:6 No:09 2012Vol:6 No:08 2012Vol:6 No:07 2012Vol:6 No:06 2012Vol:6 No:05 2012Vol:6 No:04 2012Vol:6 No:03 2012Vol:6 No:02 2012Vol:6 No:01 2012
Vol:5 No:12 2011Vol:5 No:11 2011Vol:5 No:10 2011Vol:5 No:09 2011Vol:5 No:08 2011Vol:5 No:07 2011Vol:5 No:06 2011Vol:5 No:05 2011Vol:5 No:04 2011Vol:5 No:03 2011Vol:5 No:02 2011Vol:5 No:01 2011
Vol:4 No:12 2010Vol:4 No:11 2010Vol:4 No:10 2010Vol:4 No:09 2010Vol:4 No:08 2010Vol:4 No:07 2010Vol:4 No:06 2010Vol:4 No:05 2010Vol:4 No:04 2010Vol:4 No:03 2010Vol:4 No:02 2010Vol:4 No:01 2010
Vol:3 No:12 2009Vol:3 No:11 2009Vol:3 No:10 2009Vol:3 No:09 2009Vol:3 No:08 2009Vol:3 No:07 2009Vol:3 No:06 2009Vol:3 No:05 2009Vol:3 No:04 2009Vol:3 No:03 2009Vol:3 No:02 2009Vol:3 No:01 2009
Vol:2 No:12 2008Vol:2 No:11 2008Vol:2 No:10 2008Vol:2 No:09 2008Vol:2 No:08 2008Vol:2 No:07 2008Vol:2 No:06 2008Vol:2 No:05 2008Vol:2 No:04 2008Vol:2 No:03 2008Vol:2 No:02 2008Vol:2 No:01 2008
Vol:1 No:12 2007Vol:1 No:11 2007Vol:1 No:10 2007Vol:1 No:09 2007Vol:1 No:08 2007Vol:1 No:07 2007Vol:1 No:06 2007Vol:1 No:05 2007Vol:1 No:04 2007Vol:1 No:03 2007Vol:1 No:02 2007Vol:1 No:01 2007